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This collection forms a Supplement to the second 
edition of The Works of PeelCy in two volumes, 
which appeared in 1829. At that time, I had no 
reason to suppose that Peele was the author of the 
rare drama entitled Sir Clyomon and Sir Clamydes ; 
I was unable to procure a copy of the Eclogue Qra- 
tulatory ; and of the other pieces which make up 
the present volume I had never even heard. 

Alexander Dtce. 


In 1583, Albertus Alasco, a Polish Prince Pal!Eitine» spent 
seyeral days at Oxford, baying been recommended by the 
Queen to the attentions of the UniTerrity ; and in an old Ac- 
count-book, whioh contsinB the ohar^ for his eiiteitainment 
there, the following items are found : 

" To Mr. Peek for pxoTiaion for the playet at Ghrutchiurche, xTiijU." 
" The Charges of a Comedie and a Tragedie and a shewe of fire 
worke aa appeareth by the particfdar bills of Mr. Vice-chancelor 
Mr. Howson, Mr. Maxie, and Mr. PeOe mU 18* 9<l.» • 

The plajTS exhibited on this occasion were in Latin. Peele, 
it appears, had no share in their composition : perhaps he acted 
in them, or, more probably, only assisted in getting them up. 
In a relation of Alasco*s risit to Oxford by Anthony Wood, 
(which is nearly the same as Holinshed's), the dramatic per- 
formances are thus mentioned : " He [ Alasco], with the Nobles, 
and their respective retinues, saw a pleasant comedy acted 
in Christ Church Hall by several of the University, entitled 
* Rivales ;' which giving them gpreat content, the author, Dr. 
William Gager, had the honour to receive from the Prince 
personal thanks : '* again, " The Disputations being ended, 
and the supper following at Christ Church, he saw a very 

* For these extracts from the A.ccount-book I am indebted to 
the kindness of the Rev. Dr. Bliss. 


stately tng^j acted there, named ' Dido,'* whereiB the 
Queen*! conqiieat, with il^^neaa fail narration of the destnietioa 
of Troy, waa Urelj described in a marchpane pattern. There 
was also a pleasant sight of artificial hunters with m foil cry of 
a kennel of hounds (pertly as before when the Queen waa hen), 
and Meroury and Iria descending and aacending from and to 
a high place ; the tempest also, wherein it rained small oomfits, 
rose-water, and anew artificial anow, was rery strange to ths 
beholden.**— Nichols's Prog, ef EIn, Tol. ii. pp. 406-9, ed. 

Mr. Collier has obsenred (Hiit. of Engl, Dram, Poetry, rtA, 
i. p. 284) that in conaequence, perhapa, of having becm em- 
ployed to compoae the Spetehst to Quoon EliMabeth at ThsobaUTs 
(aee p. 167, of the present rolume,) Peele was emboldened to 
address to Lord Burleigh the letter of which a fiic-aimile is 
given in my memoir of the poet, p. xri. 

* Perhaps the tragedy of that name written (long before) by 
John Rightwise. 





Addenda to the Account of Peele and his Writfngs . . rii 

Sir Cljomon and Sir Chunydes 1 

An Eclogue Gratolatory 145 

Speeches to Queen Elizabeth at Theobald's .... 157 

Anglorum Feriae 171 

Additional Notes to vols. i. and ii 189 


P. 39. 

Bryan Sans-foy'\ Our author perhaps borrowed the name Sans- 
foy from Spenser's Faerie Queene, B. i. C. ii. Vide Account of 
Peels and his Writings, p. xxziy. 

P. 46. " for that I weaiy am 

" With travel since from killing of the Serpent late I came." 

We ought, I believe, to read " travail/' for Clamydes had not 
travelled fieur since that adventure ; and compare what he says at 
p. 132, 

" and when I had subdu*d the monster fell 
Through weary fight and travail great.'* 

P. 49. 
For " SiiiPMASTBR [without'\" read ** Shipmaster [tmtkiny 



The Hutorie of the two vaUant Knights, Syr Clyomon Knight of 
the Golden Sheeld, sonne to the King of Dennurke : And Clatny- 
des the white Knight , sonne to the King ofSuauia. As it hath 
bene sundry times Acted by herMaiesties Players. London Printed 
by Thomas Creede, 1599, 4to. 

On the title page of a copy of this drama, a MS. note in a yeiy 
old hand attrihutes it to Peele ; and, I hare no doubt, rightly. 
It was produced probably soon after his Arraignment of Paris, 
which, according to Nash (see Ace. of Peele and his Writings, 
p. xiii.), was our author's earliest dramatic effort. The story 
of 5tr Clyomon and Sir Clamydes is not, I presume, the invention 
of Peele, but borrowed from some romance. 


Alexander the Great, 

Kino of Denmark, 

Cltomon, his Son, 

King of Scjavia, 

Clamtdes, his Son, 

Thrasellus, King of Norway, 

MusTANTius, Brother to the Queen of the 

Strange Marshes, 
Bryan Sans-fot, 
Subtle Shift, 



Lords, Knights, &c. 


Queen of Denmark, 

Juliana, her Daughter, 

Queen, Widow of Patranius King of the 

Strange Marshes, 
Neronis, her Daughter. 

* Dramatis Pertonai] Not g^yen in old ed. 



As lately lifting up the leaves of worthy writers* works. 
Wherein the noble acts and deeds of many hidden 

Our author he hath found the glass of glory shining 

Wherein their Uves are to be seen, which honour did 

To be a lantern unto those which daily do desire 
Apollo's garland by desert in time for to aspire ; 
Wherein the iroward chances oft of fortune you shall 

Wherein the cheerful countenance of good successes 

Wherein true lovers findeth joy with hugyf heaps of 

Wherein as well as famous facts, ignomious| placed are, 
Wherein the just reward of both is manifestly shown, 
That virtue from the root of vice might openly be known ; 
And doubting nought, right courteous all, in your 

accustom'd wont 

* lurki] Here the rhyme, and in line 9, the metre, (" findeth'*) 
forbid any deviation from the old ed. 
t hugy] i. e. huge. 
X ignomious] i. e. ignominious. 


And gentle ears, our author he is prest* to bide the 

Of babblers* tongues, to whom he thinks as frustrate 

all his toil 
As pearls taste to filthy swine which in the mire dof 

moil. X 
Well, what he hath done for your delight, he gave 

not me in charge ; 
The actors come, who shall express the same to you 

at large. 

' prest] i. e. ready. 

t do] Old ed. " doth." 

X moil'] i, e. dabble, defile themselves. 


Enter Clamtd£S. 

Clam. As to the weary wandering wights, whom 

waltering* waves environ, 
No greater joy of joys may be than when from out 

the ocean 
They may behold the altitude of billows to abate. 
For to observe the longitude of seas in former rate, 
And having then the latitude of sea-room for to pass. 
Their joy is greater through the grief than erst before 

it was; 
So likewise I Clamydes, prince of Suavia noble soil. 
Bringing my bark to Denmark here to bide the bitter 

And beating blows of billows high, while raging storms 

did last. 
My grie& were f greater than might be, but, tempests 

Such gentle calms ensuM have as makej my joys § 


* wattering] i. e. weltering t wen] Old ed. ** was." 

^ have as make] Old ed. " hath ae makes." 

§ joy*] Ought properly to be ** joy," as «* it" occurs in the 
next line : but the metre will not allow the alteration : "joys" 
is here a dissyllable ; and so at p. 32 : 

** Which makes the mind of Clyomon withjoyi to be clad." 


Through terror of the former fear than erst it was be- 

So that I sit in safety, as sea-man under shrouds 

When he perceives the storms be past through vanish- 
ing* of clouds ; 

For why the doubtful care that drave me off, in dan- 
ger to prevail, 

Is dash'd through bearing lesser brain and keeping 
under sail, 

So that I have through travail long at last possessed 
the place 

Whereasf my bark in harbour safe doth pleasures 
great embrace. 

And hath such license limited as heart can seem to ask. 

To go and come, of custom free or any other task : 

I mean by Juliana she, that blaze of beauty's breeding. 

And for her noble gifts of grace all other dames ex- 
ceeding ; 

She hath from bondage set me free, and fre^d yet still 

To her above all other dames that live t upon the ground. 

For had not she been merciful, my ship had rush'd on 

And so decay'd amids the storms through force of 
clubbish knocks ; 

But when she saw the danger great where subject I 
did stand 

* vanishing] Old ed. ** vanquishing." 
t whereas] i. e. where. 
t live] Old ed. " Hues," 


In bringing of my silly bark full fraught from out my 

She, Hke a meek and modest dame, — ^what should I 
else say more ? — 

Did me permit with full consent to land upon her shore. 

Upon true promise that I would here faithful still 

And that perform which she had vow*d for those that 
should obtain 

Her princely person to possess ; which thing to know 
I stay. 

And then adventurously for her to pass upon my way : 

Lo, where she comes. Ah peerless dame, my Juli- 
ana dear ! 

Enter Juliana with a white shield. 

JuLi. My Clamydes ! of troth, sir prince, to make 

you stay thus here 
I proffer too much injury, that's doubtless on my part, 
But let it no occasion give to breed within your heart 
Mistrust that I should forge or feign with you my 

love in ought. 
Clam. No, lady, touching you in me doth lodge 

no such a thought, 
But thanks for your great courtesy, that would so 

friendly here 
In mids of misery receive a foreign stranger mere : 
But, lady, say what is your will that iti mayperstand.* 

* perstand] i. e. understand — a word which occurs seyeral 
times in this drama. 


JuLi. Sir prince, upon a vow who spouseth me 
must needsly* take in hand 
The flying serpent for to slay, which in the forest is 
That of Strange Marvels beareth name ; which ser- 
pent doth not miss 
By daily use from every coast that is adjacent there 
To fetch a virgin maid, or wife, or else some lady fair. 
To feed his hungry paunch withal, if case he can them 

His nature, lo, it only is of women spoil to make : 
Which thing no doubt did daunt me much, and made 

me vow indeed, 
Who should espouse me for his wife should bring to 

me his head ; 
Whereto my father wilfingly did give his Uke consent : 
Lo, Sir Clamydes, now you know what is my whole 

intent ; 
And if you will, as I have said, for me this travail take, 
That I am yours with heart and mind your full account 
do make. 
Clam. Ah lady ! if case these travails should sur- 
mount the travails whereby came 
Unto the worthies of the world such noble brutef and 

Yea, though the dangersshould surpass stout Hercules 

his toil. 
Who, fearing nought the dogged fiend, stem Cerberus 
did foil ; 

* needdy] i. e. necessarily, 
t brute] or bruit — i. e. report. 


Take here my hand, if life and limb the living gods 

do lend, 
To purchase thee the dearest drop of blood my heart 

shall spend ; 
And therefore, lady, link with me thy loyal heart for 

For I am thine till Fates untwine of vital life the stay. 
Protesting here, if gods assist, the serpent for to kill. 
JuLi. Then shah thou of all women win the heart 

and great good will, 
And me possess for spoused wife, who in election am 
To have the crown of Denmark here as heir unto the 

For why no children hath my sire besides me but one 

And he indeed is heir before for that he is my brother, 
And Clyomon so hight* his name ; but where he doth 

Unto my parents is unknovni, for once he did obtain 
Their good wills for to go abroad a while to spend 

his days 
In purchasing through active deeds both honour, laud, 

and praise. 
Whereby he might deserve to have the order of a knight : 
But, this omitting, unto thee, Clamydes, here I plight 
My faith and troth, if what is said by me thou dost 

Clam. If not, be sure, O lady, with my life I 
' never will return ! 

* Atg^O i. e. called. 



JuLi. Then as thou seem'st in thine attire a virgin's 

knight to be, 
Take thou this shield Hkewise of white, and bear thy 

name by me — 
The White Knight of the Silver Shield, to elevate thy 

Clam. O, lady, as your pleasure is, I shall at all 

Endeavour my good will to win, if Mars do send me 

Such honour as your grace with joy shall welcome 

home your knight. 
JuLi. Then farewell, my dearClamydes: the gods 

direct thy way, 
And grant that with the serpent's head behold thy 

face I may ! 
Clam. You shall not need to doubt thereof, O 

faithful dame so true ! 
And humbly kissing here thy hand, I bid thy grace 

adieu. [Exit Juliana. 

Ah happy time and blbsful day, wherein by fate I find 
Such friendly favours as are* food to feed both heart 

and mind ! 
To Suaviasoil I swiftly will prepare my footsteps right, 
There of my father to receive the order of a knight. 
And afterwards address myself, in hope of honour's 

Both tiger fell and monster fierce by dint for to drive 


• are] Old ed. <• is." 


The flying serpent soon simll feel how boldly I dare 
vaunt me, 

And if that Hydra's head she had, yet dread should 
never daunt me ; 

If murdering Minotaur a man might count this ugly 

Yet for to win a lady such I do account it least 

Of travails toil to take in hand ; and therefore, fare- 
well care. 

For hope of honour sends me forth 'mongst warlike 
wights to share. [Exit, 

Enter Sir Clyomon, Knight of the Golden Shield, 
son to the King of Denmark, with Subtle Shift 
the Vice,* booted. 

Clyo. Come on, good fellow, follow me, that I 
may understand 
Of whence thou art thus travelling here in a foreign 

Come, why dost thou not leave loitering there and 
follow after me ? 
S. Shift. Ah, I am in, an*t shall please you ! 
Clyo. In ? why, where art thou in ? 
S. Shift. Faith, in a dirty ditch with a woman f , 
so beray'd t as it's pity to see. 

* the Vice] Equivalent here to buffoon — was a prominent 
character in the early Moral Plays : see Collier's Hist, of Engl,^ 
Dram, Poetry , vol. ii. p, 264» 

t woman] Is, I have little doubt, a misprint for ** wanion." 

X beray'd] i. e. befouled. 


Clyo. Welly I see thou art a merry companion, I 
shall like better of thy company ; 
But, I pray thee, come away. 
S. Shift. If I get out one of my legs, as fast as I 
Ha lo ! ah my buttock ! the very foundation thereof 

doth break ; 
Ha lo ! once again, I am as fast as though I had 
frozen here a week. 

[Here let him slip unto the stage back- 
wards, as though he had pulled his leg 
out of the mire, one hoot off, and rise up 
to run in again. 
Clyo. Why, how now ? whither runn'st thou ? art 

thou foolish in thy mind ? 
S. Shift. But to fetch one of my legs, an't shall 

please, that I have left in the mire behind. 
Clyo. One of thy legs ? why, look, man, both thy 
legs thou hast ; 
It is but one of thy boots thou hast lost, thy labour 
thou dost wast.* 
S. Shift. But one of my boots ? Jesu, I had such 
a wrench with the fall. 
That, I assure, I did think one of my legs had gone 
Clyo. Well, let that pass, and tell me what thou 
art, and what is thy name, 
And from whence thou cam'st, and whither thy jour- 
ney thou dost frame, 

* wast'l ^* ^* waste, — ^for the rh3ane. 


That I have met thee by the way thus travelling in 

this sort. 
S. Shift. What you have requested, an't shall 

please, I am able to report : 
What I am by my nature each wight shall perceive 
Thatfrequenteth my company by the learning I have ; 
I am the son of Apollo, and from his high seat I came. 
But whither I go it skills* not, for Knowledge is my 

And whoso hath knowledge, what needs he to care 
Which way the wind blow his way to prepare ? 
Clto. And art thou Knowledge ? of troth, I am 

glad that I have met with thee. 
S. Shift. I am Knowledge, and have as good skill 

in a woman as any man whatsoever he be, 
For this I am certain of, let me but lie with her all night. 
And I'll tell you in the morning whether she is maid, 

wife, or sprite ; 
And as for other matters, speaking of languishesf or 

any other thing, 
I am able to serve, an*t shall please, an't were great 

Alexander the King. 
Clto. Of troth, then, for thy excellency I will thee 

gladly entertain, 
If in case that with me thou wilt promise to remain. 
S. Shift. Nay, an't shall please ye, I am like to a 

woman, say nay and take it ; 

* skUU] i. e. matters, signifioi. 

t languishet] A corruption of languaj;$M, 


When a gentleman proffers entertainment, I were a 
fool to forsake it. 
Clyo. Well, Knowledge, then sith* thou art con- 
tent my servant to be, 
And endued with noble quaUties thy personage I see, 
Thou having perfect knowledge how thyself to behave, 
I will send thee of mine errand ; but haste thither,! crave, 
For here I will stay thy coming again. 

S. Shift. Declare your pleasure, sir, and whither 

I shall go, and then the case is plain. 
Clyo. Nay, of no great importance, but being here 
in Suavia 
And near unto the court, I would have thee to take 

thy way 
Tliither with all speed, because I would hear 
If any shows or triumphs be towards,! else would I 

not come there ; 
For only upon feats of arms is all my delight. 
S. Shift. If I had known so much before, serve 
that serve will, I would have serv'd no martial 
knight :— 
Well, sir, to accompUsh your will, to the court I will 

And what news is there stirring bring word by and by. 
Clyo. Do so, good Knowledge, and here in place 
thy coming I will stay, [Exit S, Shift, 

For nothing doth delight me more than to hear of 
martial play. 

* gith] i. e. since. 

t Unvards] i. e. in preparation, at hand. 



Can food unto the hungry corpse be causeof greater joy 
Than for the haughty heart to hear, which doth itself 

Through martial exercises much to win the brute* of 

Where mates do meet which thereunto their fancies 

seemf to frame ? 
Can music more the pensive heart or daunted mind 

Can comfort more the careful corpse and over-palled 

Hejoice, than sound of trumpet doth each warlike 

wight allure. 
And drum and fife unto the fight do| noble hearts 

To see in sunder shivered the lance that leads the way, 
And worthy knights unbeaver^d in field amidst the 

To hear the rattling cannons roar, and hilts on helmets 

To see the soldiers swarm on heaps where vaUant 

hearts do bring 
The cowardly crew into the case of careful captives' 

Where ancients § brave displayed be and won by force 

of hand ? 

♦ brute] i. e. report 

t teem] Old ed. " seemes/' 

X do] Old ed. " doth'' — and so in the next line but three. 

§ ancients] i. e. enBigns, standards. 

VOL. 111. C 


What wight would not as well delight as this to hear 

and see 
Betake himself in like a£B3iirs a fellow mate to be 
With Clyomon, to Denmark king the only son and 

Who of the Golden Shield as now the knightly name 

doth bear 
In every land, since that I foil'd the worthy knight 

of fame, 
Sir Samuel, before the king and prince of martial game, 
Alexander called the Great ; which when he did be- 
He gave to me in recompence this shield of glittering 

Requesting for to know my name, the which shall 

not be shown 
To any knight unless by force he make it to be known ; 
For so I vow'd to Denmark king, my father's grace, 

when I 
First got his leave that I abroad my force and strength 

might try. 
And so I have myself behav'd in city, town, and field, 
That never yet did fall reproach to the Knight of the 

Golden Shield. 

Enter Subtle Shift running, 

S. Shift. God's ames,* where are you, where are 
you ? andf you be a man, come away ! 

* God's ames] i. e. perhaps God^ssoul (Fr. ame^, or a corrup- 
tion of the not uncommon oath, God*s arms, 
t and'\ i. e. if. 


Clyo. Why, what is the matter. Knowledge? to 

tell thy errand stay. 
S. Shift. Stay? what talk you of staying ? why, 

then, all the sight will be past : 
Clamydes the king's son shall be dubb'd. knight in 

all hast.* 
Clyo. Ah Knowledge, then come indeed, and good 

pastime thou shalt see ! 
I will take the honour from him that dubbed I may be : 
Upon a courageous stomach, come, let us haste thither. 
S. Shift. Lead you the way and FU follow ; we'll 

be both made knights togither.f 

[Exit Clyomon, 
Ah sirrah, is my master so lusty or dares he be so bold ? 
It is no marvel then if he bear a shield of gold : 
But, by your patience, if he continue in this business, 

farewell master than, % 
For, I promise you, I intend not very long to be his 

Although under the title of Knowledge my name I 

do feign. 
Subtle Shift I am called, that is most plain ; 
And as it is my name, so it is my nature also 
To play the shifting knave wheresoever I go. 
Well, after him I will — ^but soft now, if my master 

chance to be lost, 

♦ hast] i. e. haste — for the rhyme. 

t together] So spelt for the sake of the rhyme. 

X than] i. e. then. 


And any man examine me, in telling his name I am 

as wise as a post : 
What a villain was I that ere he went could not ask it ! 
Well, it's no great matter, I am but half bound, I 

may serve whom I will yet. [Exit. 

Enter the Kino of Suavia with the Herald before 
him, Clamtdes, Three Lords. 

King. Come, Clamydes, thou our son, thy father's 

talk attend : 
Since thou art prest* thy youthful days in prowessfor 

to spend, 
And dost of us the order ask of knighthood for to have, 
We know thy deeds deserve f the same, and that 

which thou dost crave 
Tliou shalt possess : but first, my son, know thou 

thy father's charge, 
And what to knighthood doth belong, thine honour 

to enlarge ; 
Unto what end a knight is made that likewise thou 

may'st know. 
And bear the same in mind also, that honour thine 

may flow 
Amongst the worthies of the world to thy immortal 

Know thou therefore, Clamydes dear, to have a 

knightly name. 
Is first above all other things his God for to adore, 

* prest] i. e. ready, prompt, — ^here, perhaps, eager, 
t deurve | Old ed. " deserues." 


In truth according to the laws prescrib'd to him be- 

Secondly, that he be true unto his lord and king ; 

Thirdly, that he keep his faith and troth in every 
thing ; 

And then before all other things that else we can 

That he be always ready prest* his country to defend ; 

The widow, poor, and fatherless, or innocent bearing 

To see their cause redressed right a faithful knight 
must frame ; 

In truth he always must be tried : this is the total charge, 

That will receive a knightly name his honour to en- 
Clam. O father, this your gracious counsel given 
to me your only son, 

Shall not be in obUvion cast till vital race be run ! 

What way doth win dame Honour's crown, those 
paths my steps shall trace, 

And those that to Reproach dof lead, which seeketh 
to de^e 

True Honour in her regal seat, I shall detest for aye. 

And be as utter enemy to them both night and day. 

By flying force of flickering fame your grace shall 

Of my behaviour, noble sire, in every foreign land ; 

And if you hear by true report I venture in the barge 

* ready prett] A sort of pleonasm : see note * p. 20. 
t do] Old ed. " doth." 


, Of Wilfiilness, contrary this your grace's noble charge, 
• Let Ignomy to my reproach, instead of lady Fame, 
Sound through the earth and azure skies the strained 

blast of shame, 
Whereby within Oblivion's tomb my deeds shall be | 

Where* otherwise of memory the mind I might have 

So that the den of darksomeness shall ever be my chest. 
Where worthy deeds preferf each wight with honour 
to be blest. 
KiKG. Well, Clamydes, then kneel down, accord- 
ing as is right. 
That here thou mayst receive of me the order of a 

[Here let him kneel downy Clyomon with 
Subtle Shift watching in place; and 
as the King doth go about to lay the 
mace ofl his head, let Clyomon take the 
blow, and so pass away presently, 
S. Shift. Now prepare yourself, or Fll be either 

a knight or a knave. 
Clyo. Content thyself, Knowledge, for Fll quickly 

him deceive. 
King. The noble order § ofaknight,Glamydes, unto 
We give through due desert ; wherefore see that thou be 

* where] i. e whereas — and so in the next liae but one. 
t jyrefer] Old ed, " prefers." t of]ue, on. 

§ order] Old ed. ** orders'' : but see ante and post. 





Both valiant, wise, and hardy. 
S. Shift. Away now quickly, lest we betake tardy. 
[Exeunt Clyomon and Subtle Shift, 
King. Ah stout attempt of baron bold, that hath 
from this my son 
The knighthood ta'en ! My lords, pursue ere far he 
can be run. 

[Exeunt two Lords to] pursue Aim,] and 
[wJw presently] bring in [Subtle] 
Ah Clamydes, how art thou bereft of honour here ! 
Was Uke presumption ever seen, that one, a stranger 

Should come in presence of a prince and tempt^* as 

he hath done. 
To take the knighthood thus away from him who is 
his son ? 
Clam. Ah father, how am I perplex'd^ till I re- 
venged be 
Upon the wretch which here hath ta*en the honour 

thus from me ! 
Was ever any one deceived of knighthood so before ? 
King. Well, Clamydes, my lords return; stay till 
we do know more. 

Enter [Subtle] Shift, brought in by the two 
Lords who pursued Clyomon. 

First Lord. O King, the knight is fled and gone, 
pursuit prevaileth nought ! 

* tempi] i. e. attempt. 


But here his slave we taken have to tell why this he 
King. Ah cruel grudge that grieves my ghost, shall 
he escape me so ? 
Shall he with honour from my son, without disturb- 
ance, go ? 
Ah caitiff thou, declare his name, and why he ven- 
tured here, 
Or death shall be thy guerdon sure, by all the gods I 
S. Shift. Ah, an't shall please you, I know nei- 
ther him, his country, nor name. 
Sec. Lord. What, what, sir ? are not you his ser- 
vant ? will you deny the same ? 
Kino. Nay, then you are a dissembhng knave, I 

know very well. 
S. Shift. An't shall please your grace, even the 
very troth I shall tell : 
I should have been his servant when we met togither,* 
Which was not full three hours before we came hither. 
King. Well, what is his name, and of what country, 

S. Shift. That cannot I tell, an't shall please you: 
you never saw servant in such care 
To know his master's name, neither in town nor field. 
And what he was he would [not] tell but the Knight 
of the Golden Shield. 
King. Well, Clamydes, mark my charge what I 
to thee shall say : 

* togither] So written for the rhyme. 


Prepare thyself for to pursue that traitor on his way, 
Which hath thine honour reft from thee, and either 

by force of hand 
Or love, his name and native soil see that thou un- 
That I may know for what intent he bare this grudge 

to thee, 
Else see thou never dost return again to visit me ; 
For this imports him for to be of valiant heart and 

And therefore do pursue thy foe until thou dost him 

find. * 
To know his name and what he is, or, as I said before, 
Do never view thy father I in presence any more. 
Clam. Well, father, sith* it is your charge and 

precept given to me, 
And more for mine own honour's sake, I frankly do 

To undertake the enterprise, his name to understand, 
Or never else to shew my face again in Suavia land. 
Wherefore I humbly do desire the order to receive 
Of knighthood, which my sole desire hath ever been 

to have : 
It is the name and mean whereby true honour is at- 

chiv'd ;t 
Let me not then, O father dear, thereof be now de- 

priv'd ! 

"* sith] i. e. since. 

t atchiv*d'\ i. e. atchiev'd — for the rhyme. 


Sith that mine honour cowardly was stoln by caitiffhe, 
And not by dinted dastard's deed, O father, lost by me. 
King. Well, Clamydes, then kneel down : here in 
our nobles' sight. 
We give to thee that art our son the order of a knight ; 
But, as thou wilt our favour win, accomplish my 
Clam. Else never to your royal court, O father, 

ril retire. 
Kino. Well, then, adieu, Clamydes dear : the 
gods thine aider[8] be ! 
But come, my lords, to have his hire, that caitiff 
bring with me. 
S. Shift. Alas, an't shall please you, I am Know- 
ledge, and no evil did pretend ! * 
Set me at liberty ; it was the knight that did offend. 
Clam* O father, sith that he is Knowledge, I be- 
seech your grace set him free ! 
For in these affairs he shall wait and tend on me, 
If he will protest to be true to me ever. 

S. Shift. Ah noble Clamydes, here's my hand, 

ril deceive you never ! 
Clam. Well then, father, I beseech your grace 

grant that I may have him. 
King. Well, Clamydes, I am content, sith thou, 
my son, dost crave him : 
Receive him therefore at my hands. My lords, come, 
let's depart. 

* pretend] i. e. intend. 


All [Lords]. We ready are to wait on you, O 

king, with willing heart. 

[Exefmt [King^ Lords ^ and Herald]. 
Clam. Well, Knowledge, do prepare thyself, for 

here I do protest. 
My father's precepts to fulfill, no day nor night to rest 
From toilsome travel till I have reveng'd my cause 

On him who of the Golden Shield now beareth name 

of Knight ; 
Who of mine honour hath me robb'd in such a cow- 
ardly sort. 
As for to be of noble heart it doth him not import : 
But, Knowledge, to me thy service stUl thou must 

with loyal heart profess. 
S. Shift. Use me that all other villains may take 

ensample by me if I digress. 
Clam. Well then, come follow speedily, that him 

pursue we may. 
S. Shift. Keep you before, an't shall please you, 

for I mind not to stay. [Exit Clamydes. 
Ah sirrah Shift, thou wast driven to thy shifts now 

indeed ! 
I dreamed before that untowardly I should speed ; 
And yet it is better luck than I looked to have. 
But as the proverb saith, good fortune ever happeneth 

to the veriest knave : 
And yet I could not escape with my master, do what 

I can : 
Well, by this bargain he hath lost his new serving-man. 


But if Clamydes overtake bim now, what buffets will 

there be ! 
Unless it be four miles off the fray, there will be no 

standing for me. 
Well, after him I will, but howsoever my master speed, 
To shift for myself I am folly decreed. [Exit, 

Enter King Alexander the Great, as valiantly 
set forth as may be, and as many soldiers as can. 

Alex. After many invincible victories and con- 
quests great atchiv'd,* 

I, Alexander, with sound of fame in safety am arrived 

Upon my borders long wish*d for of Macedonia soil, 

And all the world subject have through force of war- 
like toil. 

O Mars, I laud thy sacred name ! and for this safe 

To Pallas' temple will I wend, and sacrifices bum 

To thee, Bellona, and the rest, that warlike wights 
do guide, 

Who for King Alexander did such good success pro- 

Who bows not now unto my beck ? my force who 
doth not fear ? 

Who doth not of my conquests great throughout the 
world hear ? 

What king as to his sovereign lord doth now not 
bow his knee, 

* atchiv*d] i. e. atchiev'd, — for the rhyme. 


What prince doth reign upon the earth which yields 

not unto me 
Due homage for his regal mace ? what country is at 

What dukedom, island, or province else, to me now 

are not tributary ? 
What fort of force, or castle strong, have I not bat- 

ter'd down ? 
What prince is he that now by me his princely seat 

and crown 
Doth not acknowledge for to hold ? not one the 

world throughout 
But of King Alexander's power they all do stand in 

They fear, as fowls that hovering fly from out the 

falcon's way ; 
As lamb the lion, so my power the stoutest do obey : 
In field who hath not felt my force where battering 

blows abound ? 
King or Keysarf who hath not fix'd his knees to me 

on ground ? 
And yet, Alexander, what art thou ? thou art a 

mortal wight, 
For all that ever thou hast got or won by force in fight. 
First Lord. Acknowledging thy state, O king, 

to be as thou hast said, 
The gods no doubt, as they have been, will be thy 

shield and aid 

• dmihi] i, e. fear. t Keysar] i. e. Ceesar— emperor. 


In all attempts thou tak'st in hand, if case no glory 

Thou seekest, but acknowledging thy victories and 

Through the providence of sacred gods to happen 

unto thee, 
For vain is trust that in himself man doth repose we 

And therefore lest these victories which thou, O king, 

has got 
Should blind thine eyes with arrogancy, thy noble 

fame to blot, 
Let that victorious prince his words of Macedon, thy 

To acknowledge still thy state, O king, thy noble 

heart inspire ; 
Who, after all his victories triumphantly obtained, 
Lest that the great felicity of that which he * had gain*d 
Should cause him to forget himself, a child he did 

Which came unto his chamber door and every 

morning cried, 
Philip, thou art a mortal man ! This practice of thy 

Amidst all these thy victories, thy servant doth desire, 
O Alexander ,that thou wilt them printf within thy mind, 
And then no doubt, as father did, thou solace sweet 

shall find. 

♦ he] Old ed. " she." 

t them print] Qy. *' emprinV' — imprint. 


Alex. My lords, your counsel doubtless I esteem, 

and with great thanks again 
I do requite your courtesy, rejecting, — this is plain, — 
AH vain glory from my heart ; and since the Gods 

To us above all other* kings this fortune dof assign. 
To have in our subjection the world for most part. 
We will at this one hour return, with fervent zeal of 

In Pallas* temple, to the gods such sacrifices make 
Of thankfulness for our success, as they in part shall 

The same a gratulation sufficient from us sent : 
Come, therefore, kt us homewards march to accom- 

phsh our intent. 
All. We ready are, most famous king, to follow 

thee with victory. 
Alex. Then sound your drums and trumpets both, 

that we may march triumphantly. [Exeunt, 

Enter Sir Clyomon, Knight of Glolden] S[hield], 

Clyo. Now, Clyomon, a kuight thou art, though 

some perhaps may say 
Thou cowardly cam'st to Clamydes and stole his 

right away. 
No, no, it was no cowardly part to come in presence 

of a king, 
And in the face of all his court to do so worthy a thing; 

* others] Old ed. " others." 
t do] Old ed. " doetb." 


Amidst the mates that martial be and stem knights 

of his hall, 
To take the knighthood from their prince even mau- 

gre* of them all. 
It gives a guerdon of good will to make my glory glance ; 
When warlike wights shall hear thereof, my fame they 

will advance : 
And where I was pretendedf late to Denmark king, 

my sire, 
His royal grace to see, homeward to retire, 
Now is my purpose altered by brute of late report ;t 
And where fame resteth to be had, thither Clyomon 

will resort. 
For, as I understand by fame, that worthy prince of 

The conqueror of conquerors, who Alexander hight,§ 
Returning is to Macedon from many a bloody broil. 
And there to keep his royal court now after weary toil ; 
Which makes the mind of Clyomon with joys to be 

For there, I know, of martial mates is company to 

be had. 
Adieu, therefore, both Denmark king and Suavia 

prince beside : 
To Alexander's court Iwill : the gods my journey guide ! 

* maugre] i. e. in spite. 

t where I was pretended] i. e. whweas I intended. 
X brute of late report'] i. e. noise of late report — a pleonasm : 
see note p. 10. 

§ hight] i. e. is called. 


Enter Clamydes and [Subtle] Shift. 

Clam. Come, Knowledge, here he is. — Nay stay, 
thou cowardly knight, 
That, like a dastard, cam'st to steal away my right. 
Clyo. What, what ? you rail, sir princox* prince, 

me coward for to call. 
S. Shift. An't shall please you, he is a coward ; 
he would have hir'd me, amidst your father's 
To have done it for him, being himself in such fearf 
That scarcely he durst before your presence appear. 
Clyo. Why, how now. Knowledge ? what, forsake 

thy master so soon ? 
S. Shift. Nay, master was, but not master is ; 

with you I have done. 
Clam. Well, for what intent cam'st thou my ho- 
nour to steal away ? 
Clyo. That I took aught from thee, I utterly de- 

Clam. Didst not thou take the honour which my 

father to me gave ? 
Clyo. Of that thou hadest not, I .could thee not 

Clam. Didst not thou take away my knighthood 

from me ? 

* princox^ i. e. coxcomb, pert, 
t fear] Old ed. " stay." 
X denay\ i. e. deny. 

$ deprave] i. e. deprive, for the rhjnne, in which sense it oc- 
curs several times in this play. 



Cl YO. No, for I had it before it was given unto thee ; 
And having it before thee, what argument canst thou 

That ever from thee the same I did take ? 

S. Shift. That's true ; he received the blow before 
at you it came. 
And therefore he took it not frx)m you, because you 
had not the same. 
Clabi. Well, what hight thy name ? let me that 
understand ; 
And wherefore thou travelled'sthere in my father*s land, 
So boldly to attempt in his court such a thing ? 
Clyo. The bolder the attempt is, more &me it 
doth bring : 
But what my name is desirest thou to know ? 
S. Shift. Nay, he hath stolen sheep, I think, for 

he is asham'd his name for to show. 
Clam. What thy name is, I would gladly perstand.* 
Clyo. Nay, that shall never none know, unless by 
force of hand 
He vanquish me in fight, such a vow have I made ; 
And therefore to combat with me thyself do persuade, 
If thou wilt know my name. 

Clam. Well, I accord to the same. 
S. Shift. Nay then God be with you ! if you be 
at that point, I am gone ; 
If you be of the fighter's disposition, Fll leave you 

* perstand"] i. e. understand, as before (p. 9), and afterwards. 


Clam. Why, stay, Knowledge : although I fight, 

thou shalt not be molested. 
S. Shift. An*tshall,pleaseyou, this fear hath made 
me beray* myself with a proin-stonef that 
was not digested. 
Clto. Well, Clamydes, stay thyself, and mark my 
sayings here, 
And do not think I speak this same for that thy force 

I fear. 
But that rmore honour may redound unto the victor's 

Wilt thou here give thy hand to me withouten fraud 

of heart 
UpoA thei faith which to a knight doth rightly apper- 
And by the loyalty of a knight Fll swear to thee again 
For to observe my promise just ; which is, if thou agree 
The fifteenth day next following to meet, sir prince, 

with me 
Before King Alexander's grace, in Macedonia soil. 
Who all the world subject hath through force of war- 
like toil. 
For he is chief of chivalry and king of martial mates. 
And to his royal court, thou knowest, repair all estates : 
Give me thy hand upon thy faith of promise not to 

And here is mine to thee again, if Fortune's froward 

* beray'] i. e. befoul. 
t proin'SUmt] i. e. prune^stone. 


Resist me not, the day forespoke to meet, sir prince, 

with thee, 
Before that king to try our strengths : ^ay if thou 

dost agree ; 
For triple honour will it be to him that gets the victory 
Before so worthy a prince as he and nobles all so pub- 

Where* otherwise if in this place we should attempt 

the same, 
Of the honour that were got thereby but small would 
be the fame. 
Clam. Well, sir knight, here is my hand, FUmeet 

in place forespoke. 
Clyo. And, by the loyalty of a knight, I'll not my 

words revoke. 
Clam. Till then adieu ; I'll keep my day. 
CLYO.f And I, if fates do not gainsay. [Exit 
S. Shift. What, is he gone, and did take no leave 
of me? 
Jesu, so unmannerly a gentleman did any man see ? 
But now, my lord, which way will you travel, declare. 
Clam. Sith J I have fifteen days' respite myself to 
My lady's charge for to fulfill, behold, I do intend. 
S. Shift. Your lady ? an't shall please you, why, 
who is your lady ? may a man be so bold as 
ask and not offend ? 

• where] i. e. whereas. 

t Clyo.] Old ed. " Clamy." 

X sith] i. e. since. 


Clam. Juliana, daughter to the King of Denmark, 
lo, is she, 
Whose knight I am, and from her hands this shield 

was given to me. 
In sign and token of good will ; whose noble grace 

to gain, 
I have protested in her cause for to omit no pain 
Nor travail till I have subdu*d the flying serpent's force, 
Which in the Forest of Marvels is ; who taketh no 

Of womenkind, but doth devour all such as are astray. 
So that no one dares go abroad nor wander forth the 

And sith I have yet fifteen days myself for to prepare 
To meet the Knight of the Golden Shield, my heart 

is void of care ; 
I will unto the forest wend, sith it is in my way,. 
And for my Juliana's sake that cruel serpent slay. 
S. Shift. What, are you a madman ? will you 
wilfully be slain ? 
If you go into that forest, you will never come out again. 
Clam. Why so. Knowledge ? dost thou think the 

serpent I fear? 
S. Shift. No, but do you not know of Bryan 

Sans-foy, the champion, dwells there ? 
Clam. A cowardly knight. Knowledge, is he, and 

dares fight with no man. 
S. Shift. Ah, a noble match ! couple him and 
me together than if 

* remoTie] i. e. pity. t than] i. e. then. 


Yea, but although he dares not fight, an* enchanter 

he is, 
And whosoever comes in that forest to enchant he 

doth not miss. 
Clam. Tnsh, tush, I foar him not. Knowledge ; 

and therefore come away. 
S. Shift. Well, seeing you are so wilfiill, go you 

before, Pll not stay. [Escit Clamydes. 

Ah sirrah, now I know all my master's mind, the which 

I did not before ! 
He adventureth for a lady — ^weB, I say no more : 
But to escape the enchantments of Bryan Sans-foy, 
That's Bryan Without-faith, I have devis'd a noble 

For he and I am both of one consanguinity. 
The veriest cowardly villain that ever was bom, that's 

of a certainty ; 
ril fight with no man ; no more will Bryan, that's plain, 
But by his enchantments he putteth many to great 

And in a forest of strange marvels doth he keep,| 
Altogether by enchantments to bring men asleep 
Till he have wrought his will of them : to Bryan 

straight will I, 
And of my master's coming to the forest inform him 

privily ; 
So shall I win his favour ; and, Subtle Shift, in the end 

• an\ Old ed. " and." 

t lay] i. e. conceit, fancy, scheme. 

J keep\ i. e. dwell. 


Thou shalt escape his enchantment; for he will be thy 

Well, unknown to my master, for mine own safeguard, 

this will I do, 

And now, hke a subtle shifting knave, after him Til go. 

Enter Bryan Sans-foy. 

Bryan. Of Bryan Sans-foy who hath not heard ? 

not for his yaUant acts, 
But well I know throughout the world do* ring his 

cowardly facts. 
What though, I pray ? all are not bom to be God 

Mars his men ; 
To toy with dainty dames in courts should be no 

copesmates then : 
If all were given to chivalry , then Venus might go weep, 
For any court in venery that she were like to keep. 
But shall I frame then mine excuse -by serving Venus 

When I am known throughout the world faint-hearted 

for to be? 
No, no, alas, it will not serve ! formanyaknightinlove, 
Most valiant hearts no doubt they have, and knightly 

prowess prove 
To get their ladies' loyal hearts ; but I in Venus' yoke 
Amforc'd for want of valliancy my freedom to provoke. 
Bearing the name and port of knight, enchantments 

for to use, 

* do] Old ed.*' doth." 


Wherewith full many a worthy wight most cowardly 

I abuse ; 
As witnesseth the number now which in my castle lie, 
Who, if they were at liberty, in arms I durst not try 
The feeblest there though he unarmed, so is my cou- 
rage daunted 
Whenas I see the glittering arms whereby each knight 

is vaunted. 
But how I vanquish these same knights is wonderful 

to see; 
And knights that ventured for her love, whom I do 

love, they be. 
That's Juliana, daughter to the King of Denmark's 

Whose beauty is the cause that I do haunt or keep 

this place. 
For that no wight may her possess, unless by vow 

He bring and do present to her the flying serpent's 

head : 
Which many have* attempt to do, but none yet could 

him slay, 
Nef afterward hence back again for me could pass 

For that through my enchantments, lo, which here 

this forest keep. 
So soon as I did look on them, they straight were 

in a sleep ; 

* have] Old ed ** hath." t Ne] i. e. nor. 


Then presently I them unaim'd and to my castle 

And there in prison they do lie not knowing what was 

Lo, thus I range the woods to see who doth the ser- 
pent slay, 

That by enchantment I may take the head from him 

And it present unto the dame, as though I were her 

Well, here comes one : I'll shroud myself, for sure I 
will not fight. 

Enter Subtle Shift. 

S. Shift. Gog's* blood, where might I meet with 
that cowardly knave, Bryan Sans-foy ? 
I could tell him such a tale now as would make his 

heart leap for joy. 
Well, yonder I have espied one whatsoever he be. 
Bryan. Nay, Gog's blood, Til be gone ; he shall 
not fight with me, 
But by enchantment I'll be even with him by and by. 
S. Shift. Ah, an't shall please you. Til fight with 

no man ; never come so nigh. 
Bryan. Why, what art thou, declare, whither dost 

thou run ? 
S. Shift. Even the cowardliest villain, an't shall 
please you, that lives under the sun. 

* Gog's] A corruption of God's. 


Brtah. What, of my fraternity ? dost thou not 

know Bryan Sans-foy ? 
S. Shift. What, master Bryan? Jesu, how my 

heart doth leap for joy 
That I have met with you ! who ever had better luck? 
But touch me not.* 
Bryan. Wherefore? 

S. Shift. Ah, lest you enchant me into the like- 
ness of a buck ! 
Bryan. Tush, tush, I warrant thee : but what art 

thou, declare. 
S. Shift. Knowledge, andf it shall please you, 

who hither doth repair 
To tell you good news. 

Bryan. Grood news ? what are they, Knowledge, 

S. Shift. A knight hath slain the flying serpent. 
Bryan. Tush, it is not so. 
S. Shift. It is most true that I do confess. 
Bryan. Ah^ what hight| his name, Knowledge? 

let me that understand. 
S. Shift. Clamydes, the White Knight, son to 

the King of Swavia land, 
Who for Juliana, daughter to the King of Denmark's 


* But touch me not, &c.] Given to " Bryan/'in old ed. where 
also the next nine speeches are wrongly distributed, what be- 
longs to Bryan being assigned to Shift, and vice versa. 

t and] i. e. if. 

t hight] i. e. is called. 


Did take the attempt in hand : now you know the 
whole case. 
Bryaw. Ah happy news of gladsomenessunto my 
daunted mind ! 
Now for to win my lady*s love good fortune is assigned, 
For though she be Clamydes' right, won worthily 

Yet will I sure possess that dame by giving of the head : 
But, Knowledge, whereabout declare doth that Cbi- 
mydes rest. 
S. Shift. Even hard by in the forest here, where 
he slew the beast, 
1 left him, and to seek you did hie : 
But let us go further into the woods, you shall meet 
him by and by. 
Bryan. Well, Knowledge, for thy pains take this 
as some reward ; [Crives money,] 

And if thou wilt abide with me, be sure TU thee regard 
Above all others of my men ; besides 1*11 give to thee 
A thing that from enchantments aye preserved shalt 
thou be. 
S. Shift. Then here is my hand, I'll be your ser- 
vant ever. 
Bryan. And, seeing thou art a coward as well as 
I, ril forsake thee never : 
But come, let us go Clamydes to meet. 

S. Shift. Keep on your way and I'll follow. 

[Exit Bryan. 
1 trust if he meet him, he'll take him 
to his feet 


Gog's blood, was ever seen such a jolt-headed villaia 

as he. 
To be so afraid of such a faint-heart knave as I am 

to see? 
Of the fraternity, quoth you ? birlady,* it's a notable 

brood ! 
Well, Shift, these chinksf doethj thy heart some good; 
And I'll close with Bryan till I have gotten the thing 
That he hadi promised me, and then I'll be with him 

to bring : 
Well, such shifting knaves as I am, the ambodexter^ 

must play. 
And for commodity || serve every man, whatsoever 

the world say. 
Well, after Bryan I will and close with him awhile, 
But, as well as Clamydes, in the end I'll him beguile. 


Enter Clamydes with the head [of the Flying 
Serpent] upon his sword. 

Clam. Ah happy day ! my deadly foe submitted 
hath to death : 
Lo, here the hand, lo, here the sword that stopt the 

vital breath ! 1 

• birlady] i. e. by our lady. 

t chinks] i. e. pieces of money. 

X doeth'] see note * p. 5, 

§ ambodexter] or ambidexter, i. e. one who acts on both hands 
or sides, or with either party. AnAodexter is the name of the 
Vice in the old play of Cambyses, 

II commodity] i. e. interest, gain. 


Lo, here the head that shall possess my JuUana* dear ! 
The Knight of the Golden Shield his force what need 

I now to fear ? 
Since I by force subdued have this serpent fierce of 

Who vanquished hath, as I have heard, full many a 

worthy knight. 
Which, for to win my lady's love, their lives have 

ventured here : 
Besides that cowardly Bryan, which the Faithless 

Shieldf doth bear, 
A number keeps, as I have heard, as captives in his hold , 
Whom he hath by enchantment got and not through 

courage bold. 
Shall such defamM dastards, dar*dt by knights, thus 

bear their name? 
Shall such as are without all faith live to impair our 

Shall valiant hearts by cowardly charm be kept in 

captives' thrall? 
Shall knights live subject to a wretch which hath no 

heart at all ? 
Nay, first, Clamydes, claim to thee fell Atropos her§ 

Ere thou dost see such worthy knights to bear the 

heavy yoke 

♦ Jutiand] Old ed; " Julianas." 

t the FailhUss Shield] i. e. the shield which had the impress, 
Sans'foy. % dar^d] i. e. terrified, caused to cower. 

$ her] Old ed. " his." 


Of cowardly Bryan Without-faith ; his charms kt 

daunt not thee ; 
And for his force thou need'st not fear, the gods thy 

shield will be. 
WeU, to meet the Knight of the Golden Shield yet 

ten days* space I have 
And to set free these worthy knights ; but tesf. awhile 

I crave : 
Here in this place near to this fort, for that I weary am 
With travel since from killing of the Serpent late 1 

Lo, here a while I mmd to rest, and Bryan then 

And then to Alexander's court, to keep my promise 

true. [Here let him sit dawn and rest himself. 

Enter Bryan Sans-foy and [Subtle] Shift. 

Brtan. Come, Knowledge, for here he Ues laid 

weary on the ground. 
S. Shift. Nay, I'll not come in his sight, if you 
would give me a thousand pound. 
For he is the terriblest knight of any you have heard 

spoke ; 
He'll beat a hundred such as you and I am down at 
one stroke. 
Bryan. Tush, fear thou nought at all : I have 
charm'd him, and he is fast asleep. 
Lying near unto the castle here which I do keep ; 
And ten days in this sleep I have charm'd him to re- 


Before nature shall overcome it that he might wake 

In the mean season, lo, behold, the serpent's head 

rU take away, 
His shield, and his apparel : this done, then will I 

His body into prison, with other his companions to lie. 
Whose strengths, ah Knowledge, I durst never at- 
tempt to try ! 
S. Shift. Ah, handle him softly, or else you will 

cause him to awake ! 
Bryan. Tush, tush, not if all the noise in the 

world I were able to make : 
Till ten days be expired the charm will not leave him ; 
And then, I am sure, he will marvel who did thus 

deceive him. 

[Takes his apparel, shield, and the Ser- 
pent* s head.] 
So, now he is stripped ; stay thou here for a season. 
And rU go fetch two of my servants to carry him into 

S. Shift. Well, do so, master Bryan, and for your 

coming Til stay. [Exit ^Bryan, 

Grog*s blood, what a villain am I my master to betray ! 
Nay, sure, Fll awake him, if it be possible, ere they 

carry him to jail. 
Master ! what, master ! awake, man ! what, master ! 

— Ah, it wiU not prevail ! 
Am not I worthy to be hang'd ? was ever seen such 

a deceitful knave ? 


What villany was in me when unto Bryan under- 
standing I gave 

Of my master's being in this forest ? but much I 
muse indeed 

What he means to do vrithmy master's apparel, his 
shield, and the head. 

Well, seeing it is through my villany my master is at 
this drift, 

Yet, when he is in prison, Shift shall not be void of a 

To get him away ; but if it ever come to his ear 

That I was the occasion of it, he'll hang me, that's clear. 

Well, here comes Bryan : FU cloak with him, if I may, 

To have the keeping of my master in prison night 
and day. 

Enter Bryan Sans-foy, two Servants, 

Bryan. Come, sirs, take up this body, and carry 
it in to the appointed place. 
And there let it lie, for as yet he shall sleep ten days' 
S. Shift. How say you, master Bryan, shall I of 
him have the guard ? 

[Servants] carry him [i.e, Clamydes] out, 
Bryan. By my troth, policy thy good will to re- 
In hope of thy just service, content, I agree 
For to resign the keeping of this same knight unto thee : 
But give me thy hand that thou wilt deceive me never. 


S, Shift. Here's my hand: charm, enchant, make 
a spider-catcher* of me, if I be false to you 
Bryan. Well, then , come, follow after me, and the 

guard of him thou shalt have. 
S. Shift. A thousand thanks I g;ive you : this is 
all the promotion I crave. [Exit Bryan. 

Ah sirrah, little knows Bryan that Clamydes my 

master is ; 
But to set him free from prison I intend not to miss : 
Yet still in my mind I can do no other but muse 
What practice with my master's apparel and shield he 

will use. 
Well, seeing I have play'd the crafty knave with the 

one, m play it with the other. 
Subtle Shift for advantage will deceive his own brother. 


Here let them make a noise as though they were 
mariners y andy after y Clyomon, Knight of 
G[olden\ S[hield\y come in with one, 

Clyo. [within'l Ah, set me to shore, sirs, in what 
country soever we be ! 

SHiPMASTER.f [without'] Well, hale out the cock- 
boat, seeing so sick we do him see : 
Strike sail, cast anchors till we have rigg'd our ship 


For never were we in such storms before, that's plain. 

* spider-catchef\ i. e. monkey. 

+ Shipmaster] Old ed. " Shjftmai." 



Enter Cltomon, Boatswain. 

Clto. Ah, boatswain, gramercies f<Nr thy setting 

me to shore ! 
Boat. Truly, gentleman, we were never in the 

like tempests before. 
Clto. What country is this wherein now we be? 
Boat. Sure, the Isle of Strange Marshes, as our 

master told to me. 
Clyo. How fiur is it from Macedonia canst thou 

Boat. More than twenty days' sailing, and if the 

weather were fair. 
Clto. Ah cruel hap of Fortune's spite, which 

'sign*d this luck to me ! 
What palace, boatswain, is this same, canst thou 

declare, we see ? 
Boat. There King Patranius keeps his court, so 

far as I do guess, 
And by this train of ladies here I sure can judge no 

Clyo. Well, boatswain, there's for thy pains ; and 

here upon the shore 
rU lie to rest my weary bones; of thee I crave no more. 
[Exit [Boatswain. Clyomon lies dotvn.]* 

* Clyomon lies down] The audience of course were to suppose 
that a change of scene took place on the entrance of Neronis ; 
and that after her exit the stage again represented the sea-shoie. 



Enter Neronis, daughter to Patranius, King of 
the StrangjB Marshes, two Lords, two Ladies. 

Nero. My lords, come, will it please you walk 
abroad to take the pleasant air, 
According to our wonted use, in fields both fresh 

and fair ? 
My ladies here, I know right well, will not gainsay 
the same. 
First Lord. Nor we, sure, for to pleasure you, 

Neronis, noble dame. 
Nero. Yes, yes, men they love entreaty much 

before they will be won. 
Sec. Lord. No, princess, that hath women's na- 
ture* been since first the world begun. 
Nero. So you say. 
First Lord. We boldly may, 
Under correction of your grace. 

Nero. Well, will it please you forth to trace ? 
That when we have of fragrant fields the dulcet 

fumes obtained, 
Wemay unto the sea-side go,whereastareI to be gain*d 
More strange § sights among Neptune's waves in see- 
ing ships to sail, 
Which pass here by my father's shore with merry 
western gale. 

• nature] Old ed. ** natures." 

t whereas] i. e. where. X a'"*] ^W ed. " is.'* 

$ strange'] Old ed. " strannger.*' The double comp. was 
frequently used ; but here it mars the verse. 


First Lord. We shall, your highness, lead the 

way to fields erst spoke before. 
Nero. Do so, and, as we do return, we'll come 

hard by the shore. [Exeunt. 

Clyo. What greater grief can grow to gripe the 

heart of grievM wight 
Than thus to see fell Fortune she to hold his state in 

spite ? 
Ah cruel chance, ah luckless lot, to me poor wretch 

assigned ! 
Were* ever seen such contraries by fraudulent goddess 

To any one, save only I, imparted for to be? 
To amatef the mind of any man, did ever Fortune she 
Shew forth herself so cruel bent as thus to keep me 

From 'pointed place by weather driven, my sorrows 

more to sack ?t 
Ah fatal hap ! herein, alas, what further shall I say ? 
Since I am forced for to break mine oath and 'pointed 

BeforeKing Alexander's grace : Clamydeswill be there, 
And I through Fortune's cruel spite opprest with 

sickness here ; 

♦ were] Old ed. " was." 

t amate] i. e. confound, stupify, daunt. — Old ed. ** animate." 
J sack] i. e. to heap — as by pouring out of a sack : so we af- 
terwards find in the present play, 

*' Hath sack'd on me such hugy heaps of ceaseless sorrows here,' 
— a sense in which I do not remember to have seen the word 
used elsewhere. 


Pot now within two days it is that we should meet 

togither :* 
Woe worth the wind and raging storms, alas, that 

brought me hither ! 
Now will Clamydes me accuse a faithless knight to be, 
And eke report that cowardliness did daunt the heart 

of me: 
The worthy praise that I have won through fame shall 

be defac'd. 
The name of the Knight of the Golden Shield, alas, 

shall be eras*d If 
Before that noble prince of might whereas Clamydes he 
Will shew himself in combat-wise for to exclaim on me 
For breaking of my 'pointed day ; and, Clyomon, to 

thy grief 
Now art thou in a country strange, clean void of all 

Opprest with sickness through the rage of stormy 

blasts and cold : 
Ah death, come with thy direful mace ! for longer to 

My sorrows here it booteth not : yet Clyomon do stay; 
The ladies lo, come| towards thee that walk'd the 

other way. 

Enter Neronis, two Lords, two Ladies. 
Nero. Come, fair dames, sith that we have in fra- 
grant fields obtained 

• togiiher] So written for the rhjrme. 
t erased] Old ed. " defoc*d/' 
X come'] Old ed. ** comes." 


Of dulcet flowers the pleasant smell, and that these 

knights disdained 
Not to bear us company our walk more large to make, 
Here by the sea of surging waves our home return 

we'll make : 
My lords, therefore do keep your way. 

Fi RST Lord. As it please your grace, we shall obey : 
But behold, madam, what woeful wight here in our 

way before. 
As seemeth very sick to me, doth lie upon the shore. 
Nero. My lords, let's know the cause of grief 
whereof he is oppressed, 
That, if he be a knight, it may by some means be re- 

Fair sir, well met ; why lie you here ? what is your 
cause of grief? 
Clyo. O lady, sickness by the sea hath me op- 
pressed, in brief. 
Nero. Of truth , my lords, his countenance bewrays 
him for to be 
In health of valiant heart and mind and eke of high 
Second Lord. It doth no less than so import, O 

princess, as you say. 
N^RO. Of whence are you, or what's your name, 

you wander forth this way ? 
Clyo. Of small valure,* O lady fair, alas, my 
name it is ! 

* valure] i. e. value, worth. 


And for not telling of the same hath brought me unto 
Nero. Why, for what cause, sir knight, should 

you not express your name ? 
Clyo. Because, O lady, I have vow*d contrary to 
the same ; 
But where I travel, lady fair, in city, town, or field, 
I am caird and do bear Ijy name the Knight of the 
Golden Shield. 
Nero. Are you that Knight of the Golden Shield, 

of whom such fame doth go ? 
Clyo. I am that selfsame knight, fair dame, as 

here my shield doth shew. 
Nero. Ah worthy then of help indeed ! My lords, 
assist, I pray, 
And to my lodghig in the court see that you him 

For certainly within my mind his state is much de- 
But do despair in nought, sir knight, for you shall be 

If physic may your grief redress ; for I, Neronis, lo. 
Daughter to Patraniusking, for that which fame doth 

Upon your acts, will be your friend, as after you shall 
First Lord. In doing so you shall have meed* of 
mighty Jove above 

* tneed] Old ed. '* need," 


Clto. O princess, if I ever be to health restor'd 
Your faithful servant, day and night, I vow here to 

Nero. Well, my lords, come after me ; do bring 
him, I require. 

Both Lords. We shall, O princess, willingly ac- 
complish your desire. [Exeunt 

Enter Brtan Sans-foy, having Clamydes his ap- 
parel on, his shield, and the Serpent's head. 

B RYAN . Ah sirrah, now are* the ten days full expir'd 
wherein Clamydes he 

Shall wake out of his charmed sleep, as shortly you 
shall see. 

But here I have what I desir'd, his shield, his coat, 
and head : 

To Denmark will I straight prepare,t and there pre- 
sent with speed 

The same to Juliana's grace, as in Clamydes* name, 

• are] Old ed. ** is.'* 

t prepare] I should have altered tliis word to " repair," had 
I not found in the previous portion of the play ; 
** To Suavia soil I swiftly will prepare my footsteps right." p.l2. 

** what needs her to care 
Which way the wind blow his way to jn-epare." p. 15 ; 

and, in the subsequent part, a passage which is still more to tl 


" I, Providence, prepare 
To thee from seat of mighty Jove." 

For another example of a word employed in a most unusual 
sense {sack) see p. d@. 


Whereby I am assur'd I shall enjoy that noble dame ; 
For why Clamydes he is safe for ever being free, 
And unto Knowledge is he left here guarded for to be : 
But no man knows of my pretence,* nef whither I am 

For secretly from castle I have stoln this night alone, 
In this order as you see, in the attire of a noble knight ; 
But yet, poor Bryan, still thy hear^ holds courage in 

Well, yet the old proverb to disprove I purpose to 

Which always saith that cowardly hearts fair ladies 

never win : 
Shall I not Juliana win, and who hath a cowardUer 

Yet for to brag and boast it out FU vnll none take my 

For I can look both grim and fierce as though I were 

of might, 
And yet three frogs out of a bush my heart did so 

That I fell dead almost therewith : well, cowardly as 

I am, 
Farewell, forest, for now I will in Knight Clainydes' 

To Denmark' to present this head to Juliana bright, 
Who shall a cowardly dastard wed instead of a worthy 

knight. , [Exit. 

* pretence] i. e. intention. t n«] i* e* nor. 


Enter [Subtle] Shift with sword and target. 

S. Shift. Be* your leave, I came up so early this 

morning that I cannot see my way ; 
I am sure it's scarce yet in the break of the day. 
But you muse, I am sure, wherefore these weapons I 

Well, listen untQ my tale, and you shall know every ' 

Because I play'd the shifting knave to save myself 

from harm. 
And by my procurement my master was brought in 

this charm. 
The ten days are expir*d, and this morning he shall 

And now, like a crafty knave, to the prison my way 

will I take 
With these same weapons, as though I would fight 

to set him free, 
Which will give occasion that he shall mistrust there 

was no deceit in me ; 
And having the charge of him here under Bryan 

m open the prison-doors, and make as though I did 

To do it by force, through good will and only for his 

Then shall Clamydes, being at liberty, the weapons 

of me take 

'* Be] i. e. by. 


And set upon Bryan and all his men, now that they 

are asleep, 
And so be revenged for that he did him keep 
By charm : in this order so shall they both deceived be, 
And yet upon neither part mistrust towards me. 
Well, near to the prison I'll draw to see if he be awake: 
Hark, hark, this same is he, that his lamentation doth 

make ! 
Glam. [in prison.] Ah fatal hap ! where am I, 

wretch ? in what distressed case ? 
Bereft of 'tire, of* head and shield, not knowing in 

what place 
My body is ? Ah heavenly gods, was e'er such strange- 
ness seen ? 
What, do I dream ? or am I still within the forest green ? 
Dream ! no, no, alas, I dream not I ! my senses all 

do fail, 
The strangeness of this cruel hap doth make my heart 

to quail. 
Clamydes, ah, by Fortune she what froward luck and 

Most cruelly assigned is unto thy noble state ! 
Where should I be ? or in what place hath destiny 

My selyt corpse for want of food and comfort to be 

pin'd ? 
Ah, farewell hope of purchasing my lady ! since is lost 

♦ *tire, of] Old ed. «* Tyro." 

t sely] i. e. silly, simple — ^poor, wretched. 


The seqient's head, whereby I should possess that 
jewel most. 

Ah, £iirewell hope of honour eke ! now shall I break 
IDT dar 

Before King Alexander's grace, whereon my fahh 
doth stay. 

And shall I be (band a Ruthless knight ? fie on fell 
Fortune, she 

Which hath her wheel of firoward chance thus whirled 
back on me ! 

Ah, ^rewell. King of Suavia land ! ah, &rewell, Den- 
mark dame ! 

Farewell, thou Knight of the Golden Shield ! to thee 
shaU rest all fame ; 

To me this direful destiny ; to thee, I know, renown ; 

To me the Uast of Ignomy ; to thee dame Honour's 

Ah, hateful hap ! what shall I say ? I see the gods 
have* 'sign'd 

Through cruelty my careful corpse in prison to be pin'd ; 

And nought, alas, amatesf me so, but that I know 
not where I am, 

Nor how into this doleful place my woeful body came ! 
S. Shift. Alas, good Clamydes, in what an admi- 
ration is he. 

Not knowing in what place his body should be ! 
Clam, [in prison.] Who nameth poor Clamydes 
there ? reply to him again. 

• have] Old ed. " hath." 
t amates] See note t p* <^^> 


S. Shift. An*t shall please you, I am your ser- 
vant Knowledge, which in a thousand woes 
for you remain. 
Clam, [in prison,] Ah Knowledge, where am I, 

declare, and be brief ! 
S. Shift. Where are you? faith, even in the cas- 
tle of that false thief, 
Bryan Sans-foy , against whon^ to fight and set you free. 
Look out at the window, behold, I have brought tools 
with me. 
Clam, [in prison.l Ah Knowledge, then cowardly 

that caitifif did me charm ? 
S. Shift. Yea, or else he could never have done 
you any harm : 
But be of good cheer ; for such a shift I have made, 
That the keys of the prison I have got, yourself per- 
Wherewith this morning I am come to set you free. 
And, as they lie in their beds, you may murder Bryan 
and his men, and set all other at liberty. 
Clam, [in prison,] Ah Knowledge, this hath me 

bound to be thy friend for ever I 
S. Shift. A true servant, you may see, will deceive 
his master never. [Opens the prison-door.] 
So, thedoors are open ; now come and follow after me. 

Enter [ClAmydes] out. 

Clam. Ah heavens, in what case myself do I see ? 
But speak. Knowledge, can'st thou tell how long 
have I been here ? 


S. Shift. These ten days full, and sleeping stiJl; 

this sentence is most clear. 
Clam. Alas, then this same is the day the which 
appointed was 
By the Knight of the Golden Shield to me that com- 
bat ours should pass 
Before King Alexander's grace, and there I know he is ! 
Ah cruel Fortune, why shouldst thou thus wrest my 

chance amiss, 
Knowing I do but honour seek, and thou dost me de- 
In that contrary mine expect thou all things seeks to 

The faith and loyalty of a knight thou causest me to 

Ah hateful dame, why shouldst thou thus thy fury on 

me wreak ? 
Now will King Alexander judge the thing in me to be 
The which, since first I arms could bear, no wight did 

ever see. 
But, Knowledge, give from thee to me those weapons 

that 1 may 
Upon that Bryan be reveng'd, which cowardly did 

Me of my things, and here from thrall all other knights 

set free 
Whom he by charm did bring in bale* as erst he did 

by me. 

• bale]i, e, misery. 


Come, into his lodging will I go, and challenge him 

and his. 
S. Shift. Do so, and to follow I will not miss. 

[Exit [Clamydes with weapons,'] 
Ah sirrah, here was a shift according to my nature 

and condition !* 
And a thousand shifts more I have to put myself out 

of suspicion : 
But it doth me good to think how that cowardly 

knave, Bryan Sans-foy, 
Shall be taken in the snare ; my heart doth even 

leap for joy. 
Hark, hark ! my master is amongst them ; but let 

him shift as he can. 
For not to deal with a dog he shall have help of his 

man. [Exit. 

Enter y after a little Jight within, Clamtdes, 

Three Knights. 

Clam. Come, come, sir knights ; for so unfortu- 
nate was never none as I ; 

That I should joyf that is my joy the heavens them- 
selves deny : 

That cowardly wretch that kept you here, and did 
me so deceive, 

Is fled away, and hath the shield the which my lady 

To me in token ofher love, the serpent's head like case, 

* condition] i. e. quality, disposition, 
t Joy] i. e. enjoy. 


For which this mine adventure was, to win her noble 

First Knight. And sure that same th' occasion 

was why we adventur'd hether'* 
Clam. Well, sithf I have you deUver'd, whenas 

you please together. 
Each one into his native soil his journey do prepare : 
For though that I have broke my day, as erst 1 did 

Through this most cowardly caitiflTs charms, in 

meeting of the knight 
Which of the Golden Shield bears name, to know 

else what he hight^ 
I will to Alexander's court, and if that thence he be, 
Yet will I seek to find him out, lest he impute to me 
Some cause of cowardliness to be ; and therefore, sir 

knights, depart : 
As to myself 1 wish to you with fervent zeal of heart; 
Yet if that any one of you do meet this knight by way, 
What was the cause of this my let,§ let him perstand|| 

1 pray. 
All Knights. We shall not miss, O noble knight, 

to accomplish this your will. 
Clam. Well then adieu, sir knights, each one ; the 

gods protect you still ! [Exeunt Knights, 
What, Knowledge, ho ! where art thou, man ? come 

forth, that hence we may. 

• heiher'i So spelt for the rh3rme. t sith] i. e. since. 

X hight] i. e. is called. § let] i. e. hindrance. 

II perstand] i. e. understand — as before, see p. 9. 


S. Shift, [within] Where am I? faith, breaking 
open of chests here within, for V\\ have the 
spoil of all away. 

Clam. Tush, tush, I pray thee come, that hence we 
may ; no riches thou shalt lack. 

[Enter] Shipt with a bag, as it were full of 
gold, on his back, 

S. Shift. I come now with as much money as I 

am able to carry of my back ; 
Ah, there was never poor ass so loaden ! but how now ? 

that cowardly Bryan have you slain, 
And your shield, the serpent's head, and coat, have 

you again ? 
Clam. Ah no, Knowledge ! the knights that here 

were captives kept, they are by me at liberty, 
But that false Bryan this same night is fled away for 

And hath all things he took from me convey *d where 

none doth know. 
S. Shift. O the bones of me ! how will you then 

do for the serpent*s head to Juliana to shew ? 
Clam. I have no other hope, alas ! but only that 

her grace 
Will credit give unto my words, whenas I shew my case 
How they were lost : but first, ere I unto that dame 

ril seek the Knight of the Golden Shield whereas* 

he doth sojourn, 

* whereat] i. e. where. 
VOL. 111. F 


T« accomplish what mj father will'd ; and therefore 

come away. 
S. Shift. Well, keep on before, for I mind not to 

stay. [Exit Clamydes, 

Ah sirrah, the craftier knave, the better luck ! that's 

plain : 
I have such a deal of substance here, where Bryan's 

men are slain. 
That it passeth :* O that I had while for to stay ! 
I could load a hundred carts full of kitchen-stuffaway. 
Well, it's not best to tarry too long behind, lest my 

master over-go. 
And then some knave, knowing of my money, a piece 

of cozenage shew. [Exit 

Enter Neronis. 

Nero. How can that tree but wither'd be. 

That wanteth sap to moist the root ? 
How can that vine but waste and pine. 

Whose plants are trodden under foot ? 
How can that spray but soon decay. 

That is with wild weeds overgrown ? 
How can that wight in aught delight, 

Which shows, and hath no good will shown ? 
Or else how can that heart, alas, 
* But die, by whom each joy doth pass ? 

Neronis, ah, I am the tree, which wanteth sap to moist 
the root ! 

* fMUBth] i. e. exceedeth. 


eronis, ah, I am the vine whose plants are trodden 

under foot ! 
in the spray which doth decay, and is with wild 

weeds overgrown ; 
m the wight without delight, which shows and hath 

no good will shown : 
le is the heart, by whom, alas, each pleasant joy 

doth pass ! 
le is the heart which vades*^ away as doth the 

flower or grass : 
vanting sap to moist the root, is joys that made 

me glad ; 
1 plants being trodden under foot, is pleasures 

that were f had : 
n the spray which doth decay, whom cares have 

overgrown — 
. stay, Neronis ; thou say'st thou showest and hath 

no good will shown : 
y, so I do ; how can I tell ? Neronis, force| no 

cruelty ; 
lu seest thy knight endued is with all good gifts 

of courtesy : 
1 doth -Neronis love indeed ? to whom love doth 

she yield ? 
n to that noble brute of fame,§ the Knight of the 

Golden Shield. 

vadet] i. e. passes, — fades* f were] Old ed. ** was." 

force] i. e. perhaps, care for ; but the lady's meaniDg is far 
t clear. 
brute of fame] i. e. report of ftEone, — person celebrated by 



Ab, woeful dame, thou know*st not thou of what de- 
gree he is ! 
Of noble blood his gestures show, I am assur'd of this. 
Why, belike he is some runnagate, that will not show 

his name : 
Ah, why should I this allegate ? f he is of noble fame. 
Why dost thou not express thy love to him, Neronis, 

Because shamefastness and womanhood bid X us not 

seek to men. 
Ah careful dame, lo, thus I stand as 'twere one in a 

And lacketh boldness for to speak which should my 

words advance ! 
The Knight of the Golden Shield it is to whom a thrall 

I am, 
Whom I to health restored have since that to court 

he cam :§ 
And now he is prestIF to pass again upon his weary way 
Unto the court of Alexander, yet hath he broke his day, 
As he to me the whole exprest : ah sight that doth 

me grieve ! 
Lo, where he comes to pass away, of me to take his 

leave ! 

t iUUgate] i. e. allege. 

t 6id] Old ed. " bids." 

§ cam] So written for the rhyme. 

f pmt] i. e. ready, or, perhaps, eager, as at p. 20, 


Enter Clyomon. 

Clyo. Who hath more cause to praise the gods 

than I, whose state deplor'd. 
Through physic and Neronis' help, to health am now 

restored ? 
Whose fervent thrall I am become ; yet urgent causes 

Constrain me for to keep it close, and not to put in 

What I might do to win her love ; as first my oath 

and vow 
In keeping of my name unknown, which she will'uot 

allow : 
If I should seem to break my mind, being a princess 

To yield her love to one unknown, I know she'll think 

it scorn : 
Besides here longer in this court, alasl I may not 

Although that with Clamydes he 1 have not kept my 

Lest this he should suppose in me for cowardliness of 

To seek him out elsewhere I will from out this land 

Yet though unto Neronis she I may not shew my 

A faithful heart, when I am gone, with her 1 leave 



Whose bounteousness I here have felt ; but since I 

may not stay 
I will to take my leave of her before I pass away. 
Lo, where she walks. O princess, well met : why are 
you here so sad ? 
Nero. Good cause I have, since pleasures pass, the 

which should make me glad. 
Clto. What you should mean, O {Hrincess dear, 

hereby I do not know. 
Nero. Then listen to my talk awhile, sir knight, 
and I will shew, 
If case you will re-answer me my question to obsohe,* 
The which propoundf within my mind doth oftentimes 
Clyo. I will, O princess, answer you as aptly as I 

Nero. Well then, sir knight, apply your ears and 
listen what I say. 
A ship, that storms had tossed long amidst the mount- 
ing waves. 
Where harbour none was to be had, fell Fortune so 

depraves t 
Through ill success that ship of hope, that anchor's 

hold doth fail. 
Yet at the last she's driven to land with broken mast 

and sail, 

* obsolve] i. e. absoire, — solve. 

t propound] i. e. proposition. 

X depraves'} i. e. deprives ; see note p. 33. 


And through the force of furious wind and billows' 

bouncing blows 
She is a simple shipwreck made in every point, GKxl 

Now this same ship by chance being found, the finders 

take such pain, 
That fit to sail upon the seas they rig her up again, 
And where she was through storms sore shak'd they 

make her whole and sound : 
Now answer me directly here upon this my propound. 
If this same ship thus rent and torn, being brought in 

former rate. 
Should not supply the finder's turn* to profit his estate 
In what she might. 

Clto. Herein a-right 
I will, O princess, as I may, directly answer you. 
This ship thus found, I put the case it hath an owner 

Which owner shall sufficiently content the finder's 

And have again, to serve his use, his ship, his boat, 

or barge. 
The ship then cannot serve the turn of finder,t this is 

If case the owner do content or pay him for his pain ; 
But otherwise if none lay claim nor seem that ship to 


* turn] Old ed. " true." Compare 6th line of the next speech, 
t Jinder] Old ed. " finders." 


Then is it requisite it should the finder's pains repay 
For such endeavour as it is to serve for his behoof. 
Nero. What owner truly that it hath, I have no 

certain proof. 
Clto. Then can I not define thereof, but thus I 
wish it were, 
That you would me accept to be that ship, O lady fair! 
And you the finder ; dien it should be needless for to 

If I the ship of duty ought to serve at your behoove. 
Nero. Thou art the ship, O worthy knight, so 

shiver'd found by me. 
Clto. And owner have I none, dear dame, I yield 
me whole to thee : 
For as this ship, I roust confess, that was a shipwreck 

Thou hast restor'd me unto health whom sickness 

caus'd to vade ;• 
For which I yield, O princess dear, at pleasure thine 

to be, 
If your grace, O noble dame, will so accept of me ! 
Nero. If case I will, what have >ou shown? 
Clyo. Because I am to you unknown. 
Nero. Your fame importeth what you be. 
Clyo. You may your pleasure say of me. 
Nero. What I have said due proof do show. 
Clyo. Well, lady dear, to thee I owe 
More service than of duty I am able to profess, 

* vade] See note, p. 67. 


For that thou didst preserve my life amidst my deep 

distress : 
But at this time I may not stay, O lady, here with thee : 
Thou knowest the cause ; but this I vow, within three 

score days to be, 
If destiny restrain me not, at court with thee again, 
Protesting whilst that life doth last thine faithful to 
Nero. And is there then no remedy but needs you 

will depart ? 
Clyo. No, princess, for a certainty ; but here I 
leave my heart 
In gage with thee till my return, which, as I said, 
shall be. 
Nero. Well, sith* no persuasion may prevail, this 
jewel take of me, 
And keep it always for my sake. 

Clto. Of it a dear account Fll make; 
Yet let us part, dear dame, with joy. 
And to do the same I will myself employ. 

Nero. Well, now adieu till thy return : the gods 

thy journey guide ! 
Clyo. And happily in absence mine for thee, dear 
dame, provide ! [Exit Neronis. 

Ah Clyomon, let dolours die, drive daunts from out 

thy mind ! 
Since in the sight of Fortune now such favour thou 
dost find 

* sith\ i. e. since. 


As for to have the love of her, whom thou didst sooner 

Would have denied thy loyalty and 'gainst thy good 

will grudge. 
But that I may here keep my day, you sacred gods 

Most happy fate unto my state, and thus my jouiney 

The which I 'tempt to take in hand Clamydes for to 

That the whole cause of my first let* to him I may 

repeat ; 
So shall I seem for to excuse myself in way of right, 
And not be counted of my foe a false perjured knight. 


Enter Thrasellus, King of Norway y Two Lords. 

Til RA . Where deep desire hath taken root, my lords, 
alas! you see 
How that persuasion booteth not, if contrary it be 
Unto the first expected hope where fancy f hath take 

place ; 
And vain it is for to withdraw by counsel in that case 
The mind who with affection is to one only thing af- 
The which may not till dint of death from them be sure 

* let'\ i. e. hindnmce. 
t J'aiwy] i, e. love. 


You know, my lords, through fame what force of love 

hath taken place 
Within my breast as touching now Neronis' noble 

Daughter to Patranius King, who doth the sceptre 

And in the Isle of Marshes eke bear rule now at this 

day : 
Through love of daughter his my sorrows daily grow, 
And daily dolours do me daunt, for that, alas ! I shew 
Such friendship whereas* favour none is to be found 

And yet from out my careful mind nought may her 

love restrain. 
I sent to crave her of the king ; he answer'd me with 

But shall I not provide by force to fetch her thence 

Yes, yes, my lords ; and therefore let your aids be 

prestf with mine, 
For I will sure Neronis have or else my days I'll pine ; 
For King Patranius and his power I hold of small 

To win his daughter to my spouse amids his men I'll 

First Lord. Most worthy prince, this rash at- 
tempt 1 hold not for the best, 

* whereas] i. e. where, 
t prest] i, e ready. 


For sure Patranius' power is great and not to be sup- 

For why the isle environ'd is with sea on every side, 
And landing-place, lo, is there none whereas* you 

may have tide 
To set your men from ship to shore but by one only 

And in that place a garrison great he keepeth at this 

So that if you should bring your power, your travail 

were in vain : 
That is not certainly the way Neronis for to gain. 
But this your grace may do indeed, and so I count 

it best ; 
To be in all points with a ship most like a merchant 

And sail with such as you think best, all drest in 

merchants' guise. 
And for to get her to your ship some secret mean 

By shewing of strange merchandise, or other such 

like thing : 
Lo, this is best advice I can, Thrasellus, lord and king! 
Second Lord And certainly, as you have said, my 

lord, it is the way : 
Wherefore, O king, do prosecute the same without 


• whereat] i. e. where. 


Thra.. Of truth, my lords, this your advice doth 
for our purpose frame : 
Come, therefore, let us hence depart to put in ure* the 

With present speed, for merchant- wise myself will 
thither sail. 
First Lord. This is the way, if any be, of purpose 
to prevail. [Exeunt, 

Enter Clyomon, with a Knight, signifying one of 
those that Clamydes had delivered, 

Clyo. Sir knight, of truth this fortune was most 

luckily assigned. 
That we should meet in travel thus, for thereby to my 

You have a castle of comfort brought in that you have 

me told 
Clamydes our appointed day no more than I did hold. 
Knight. No, certis, sir, he kept not day, the cause 

I have express'd, 
Through that enchanter Bryan's charms he came full 

sore distress*d ; 
Yet fortune favour'd so his state that through his help 

all we. 
Which captives were through cowardly craft, from 

bondage were set free, 
And at our parting willed us, if any with you met, 

* ure] i. e. use. 


We should inform you with the truth what was his 

only let.* 
Clto. Well, know you where he abideth now, sir 

knight, I crave of courtesy. 
Knight. No, questionless, I know not I, to say it 

of a certainty. 
Clto. Well, then, adieu, sir knight, with thanks; 

I let you on your way. 
Knight. Unto the gods I you commit ; nought 

else I have to say. [Exit 

Clyo. Ah sirrah, now the hugyf heaps of cares 

that lodged in my mind, 
Are| 8cal^§ from their nestling-place, and pleasures 

passage find, 
Forthat, as well as Clyomon, Clamydes broke his day ; 
Upon which news my passage now in seeking him Til 

And to Neronis back again my joyftill journey mdce, 
Lest that she should in absence mine some cause of 

sorrow take : 
And now all dumps of deadly dole, that daunted 

knightly breast, 
Adieu, since salve of solace sweet hath sorrows all 

Forthat Clamydes cannot brag norme accuse in ought, 

* let] i. e. hindrance. 

t hugy] i. e. huge. 

t Art] Old ed. " Is." 

§ scaltd] i. e. separated , dispersed. 


Unto the gods of destinies, that thus our fates hare'^ 

In equal balance to be weigh'd, due praises shall I 

That thus to weigh each cause a-right their eyes to 

earth did bend. 
Welly to keep my day with lady now I mind not to 

be slack, 
Wherefore unto Patranius' court I'll dress my journey 

back : 
But stay, methinks I Rumour hear throughout this 

land to ring ; 
I will attend his talk to know what tidings he doth bring. 

Enter RuMOURf running. 

Rum. Ye rolling clouds, give Rumour room, both 
air and earth below, 

By sea and land, that every ear may understand and 

What woeful hapis chanced now within the Isle of late. 

Which of Strange Marshes beareth name, unto the 
noblest state. 

Neronis, daughter to the king, by the King of Nor- 
way he 

Within a ship of merchandise convey'd away is she. 

The king with sorrow for her sake hath to death re- 
sign'd ; 

• have] Old ed. " bath." 

t Rumour] Compare the Induction to Shakespeare's Henry 
IV. Part Second. 


And having left his queen with child to guide the realm 

MustantiuSy brother to the king, from her the crown 

would take ; 
But till she be delivered the lords did order make 
That they before King Alexander thither coming should 

And he by whom they hold the crown therein should 

rightly deal 
For either part : lo, this to tell I Rumour have in charge, 
And through all lands I do pretend * to publish it at 

large [Exit. 

Clyo. Ah, woeful Rumour ranging thus ! what 

tidings do I hear ? 
Hath that false King of Norway stoln my love and 

lady dear? 
Ah heart, ah hand, ah head, and mind, and every sense 

beside ! 
To serve your master*s turn in need do every one pro- 
vide ; 
For till that I revenged be upon that wretched king, 
And have again my lady dear, and her from Norway 

I vow this body takes no rest. Ah Fortune , fickle dame, 
That can'st make glad and so soon sad a knight of 

worthy fame ! 
But what should I delay the time, now that my dear 

is gone ? 

* pretend^ i. e. intend. 


Availeth aught to ease my grief, to make this pensive 

No, no ; wherefore come, courage, to my heart, and, 

happy hands, prepare I 
For of that wretched king I will wreak all my sorrow 

and care, 
And maugre all the might he may he able for to make. 
By force of arms my lady I from him and his will take. 


Enter Clamydes, and Shift with his bag of 

money still, 

C1.AM. Come, Knowledge, thou art much to blame 
thus for to load thyself, 

To make thee on thy way diseas'd * with carrying of 
that pelf : 

But now take courage unto thee, for to that Isle I will 

Which of Strange Marshes callM is ; for fame de- 
clareth still 

The Knight of the Golden Shield is there and in the 
court abideth : 

Thither will I him to meet, whatsoever me betideth, 

And know his name, as thou canst tell my father 
charged me, 

Or else no more his princely court nor person for to see. 

Come, therefore, that unto that isle we may our jour- 
ney take, 

* diteas'd] i. e. troubled, uneasy. 


And afterwards, having met with him, our viage* for 

to make 
To Denmark to my lady, there to shew her all my 

And then to Sua via, if her I have, unto my Cher's 

S. Shift. Nay, but, an't shall please you, are you 

sure the Knight of the Golden Shield in the 
Isle of Strange Marshes is ? 
Clam. I was informM credibly ; I warrant thee, 

we shall not miss. 
S. Shift. Then keep on your way, I'll follow as 

fast as I can. [Exit Clamydes. 

Faith, he even means to make a martrisf of poor Shift 

his man : 
And I am so tied to this bag of gold I got at Bryan 

That, I tell you, where this is, there all my joy is. 
But I am so weary, sometimes with riding, sometimes 

with running, and other times going a-foot, 
That when I comej to my lodging at night, to bring 

me a woman it is no boot ; 
And such care I take for this pelf, lest I should it 

That where I come, that it is gold for my life I dare ' 

not disclose. 

• viage] i. e. voyage. 

t martris] i. e. (I suppose), martyr. 

f come] Old ed. " came." 


AVell, after my master I must : here*s nothing still 

but running and riding ; 
But I'll give him the slip, sure, if I once come where I 

may have quiet biding. [Exit. 

Enter Neronis in the forest, in mans apparel, 

Nero. As hare the hound, as lamb the wolf, as 

fowl the falcon's dint, 
So do I fly from tyrant he, whose heart more hard 

than flint 
Hath sack'd* on me such hugy f heaps of ceaseless 

sorrows here, 
That sure it is intolerable the torments that I bear. 
Neronis, ah, who knoweth thee a princess to be born, 
Since fatal gods so frowardly thy fortune do i adorn ? 
Neronis, ah, who knoweth her in painful page*s show ? 
But no good lady will me blame which of my case 

doth know. 
But rather when they hear the truth wherefore I am 

They'll say it is an honest shift the which I have de- 

vis'd ; 
Since I have given my faith and troth to such a brute 

of fame § 
As is the Knight of the Golden Shield, and tyrants 

seek IF to frame 

♦ sacWd] See note p. 52. t htigy] i. e. huge. 

t do] Old ed. " dodj." § bruie of fame] see note p; 67, 

If seek] Old ed. " seekes." 


Their eng;ine8 to detract* our vows, as the King of 

Norway hath, 
Who of all princes living now I find devoid of &ith : 
For, like a wolf m lamb's skin clad, he cometh with 

his aid, 
All merchant-like, to father's court, and 'ginneth to 

That he had precious jewels brought,t which in his 

ship did lie, 
Whereof he will'd me take my choice, if case I would 

them buy ; 
Then I, mistrusting no deceit, with handmaids one or 

With this deceitful merchant then unto the ship did 

No sooner were we under hatch but up they hoist 

their sail. 
And having then to serve their turn a merry western 

We werelash'dout from the haven, lo, a dozen leagues 

and more, 
When still I thought the bark had been at anchor by 

the shore. 
But being brought by Norway here, not long in court 

I was, 
But that to get from thence away I brought this feat 

to pass; 

* detract] i. e. draw from each other, pull asonder. 
t brought] Old ed. " bought." 





For making semblance unto him as thoagh I did him 


He gave me liberty or aught that serv'd for my be- 

And having liberty, I wrought by such a secret slight,* 

That in this *tire like to a page I scap'd away by night. 

But, ah, I fear that by pursuit he will me overtake ! 

Well, here entVeth one to whom some suit for service 
I will make. 

Enter Corin, a Shepherd. 

Cor. Go'sf bones, turn in that sheep there, and^ 
you be good fellows! Jesu, how cham§ be- 
ray-d ! || 

Chavelf a cur here, an a were my vellow, cha** must 
him conswade ; 

And yet an cha should kiss, look you, of the arse, cha 
must run myself an chilljff 

An cha should entreat him with my cap in my hand 
ha wadn stand still. 

But 'tis a world §§ to zee what merry lives we shep- 
herds lead : 

Why, we're gentlemen and we get once a thorn-bush 
over our head ; 

• slighi] i. e. artifice, contrivance. 

t Go's] i. e. God's. 

^ and] i. e. if. $ cham] i. e. I am. 

II beray*d] i. e. befouled. If chave] i. e. I have. 

•• cfui] i. e. I. tt chill] i. e. I will. 

Xt ha wad]i, e. he would.. Qy. " ha toad not." 

j§ a w&rtd] i. e. a matter of wonder or admiration. 


We may sleep with our vaces against the zon, an weie 

Bathe ourselves^ stxetch out our legs, an't were a ken- 
nel of dogs ; 
And then at night, when maids come to milken, the 

games begin : 
But I may zay to you, my neighbour Hodge*s* maid 

had a clap— well, let them laugh that win ! 
Chave but one daughter, but chouldf not vor vorty 

pence she were zo sped ; 
Cha may zay to you, she looks every night to go to bed : 
But 'tis no matter, the whores be so whiskish when 

they're under a bush. 
That they're never satisfied till their bellies be flush. 
Well, cha must abroad about my flocks, lest the fen- 

geance wolves catch a lamb, 
Vor, by my cursenj zoul, they'll steal an cha stand 

by ;§ they're not averd of the dam. 
Nero. Well, to scape the pursuit of the king, of 

this same shepherd here. 
Suspicion wholly to avoid, for service I'll enquire. 
Well met, good father : for your use a servant do you 

CoR. What, you will not flout an old man, you 

courtnold || Jack ? 

• Hodge*s] Old ed. here " Hog's," but afterwards " Hodges:' 
p. 88. 

t chauld] i. e. I would. % cursen] i. e. christened. 

§ standby] Qy. ** stand not byV 

H courtnold] i. e., I suppose, courtier-like : the exact meaning 
of the subs. courtnoU is uncertain ; (^nvU, i. e. head). 


Nero. No truly, fkther, I flout you not ; what I 

ask, I would have. 
Cor. Go's bones, the^ leest :* serve a shepherd an 
be zo brave ?t 
You courtnoU crackropes, would be hang'd ! you do 

nothing now and then 
But come up and down the country, thus to flout poor 

Gro to, goodman boy, chave no zervice vor no zuch 
flouting Jacks as you be. 
Nero. Father, I think as I speak ; upon my faith 
and troth believe me ; 
I will willingly serve you, if in case you will take me. 
CoR. Dost not mock ? 
Nero. No truly, father. 

Cor. Then come with me ; by Go*sbones chill never 
vorsake thee. 
Whow, bones of my zoul, thou'lt be the bravest shep- 
herd's boy in our town ; 
Thous go to church in this coat bevore Madge a Sun- 
day in her gray gown : 
Good Lord, how our church-wardens will look upon 

thee ! bones of God, zeest 
There will be more looking at thee than our Sir John 

the parish-priest ; 
Why, every body will ask whose boy thou'rt ; an cha 
can tell thee this by the way. 

• thee leest] i. e. thou Uest Old ed. *' thej. 
t brave] i. e. finely dressed. 


Thou shall have all the varest wenches of our town 

in the yields vor to play ; 
There's neighbour Nichol's daughter, a jolly smug 

whore with vat cheeks. 
And neighbour Hodge's maid — meddle not with her, 

, she hath eaten set leeks,—- 
But there's Frumpton's wench in the frieze scake,* 

it will do thee good to see 
What canvosmg is at the milking-timebetween herand 

And those wenches will love thee bonomably f in every 

But do not vail in with them in any kind of case. 
Nero. Tush, you shall not need to fear me, I can 

be merry with measure as well as they. 
Cor. Well then, come follow after me, and home 

chill lead thee the way. [Exit, 

Nero. Alas, poor simple shepherd ! by this princes 

may see 
That, like man like talk, in every degree. [Exit. 

Enter Thrasellus King of Norway, and 

Two Lords. 

Thra. My lords, pursue her speedily, she cannot 
far be gone ; 
And lo,himselftoseekher out, your king he will be one. 
Ah fraudulent dame, how hath she gloz'd from me to 
get away ! 

* scake] A word which I cannot explain, 
t bonomabltf] i. e. abominably, excessiTely. 


With sugared words how hatli she fed my senses night 

and day ! 
Professing love with outward shows, and inwardly 

her heart 
To practise such a deep deceit ! whereby she might 

From out ray court so suddenly, when 1 did whollyjudge 
Sheloved me most entirMy, and not against me grudge, 
She made such signs by outward shows : I blame not 

wit and policy. 
But here I may exclaim and say, fie, fie, on women's 

subUlty ! 
Well, well, my lords, no time delay, pursue her with 

all speed, 
And I this forest will seek out myself as is decreed. 
With aid of such as are behind and will come unto me. 
Both Lords. Weshallnotslackwhathereincbarge 

to us is given by thee. [Exetmt Lords. 

Thra. Ah, subtle Neronis.howhastthoumevexM? 
Through thy crafty dealings how am I perplexed I 
Did ever any win a dame and lose her in such sort ? 
The maladies are marvellous the which I do support 
Through her deceit ; but forth 1 will my company to 

If ever she be caught again, I will her so intreat* 
That others all shall warning take by such a subtle 

How that a prince for to delude such engines they 
do frame. 

* iiUrent] i. t. treat. 


Enter Clyomok, Knight of the Golden Shield, 

Clyo. Nay, traitor, stay, and take with thee that 
mortal blow or stroke, 
The which shall cause thy wretched corpse this life 

for to revoke :• 
It joyeth me at the heart that I have met thee in this 
TuRA. What, varlet, dar'st thou be so bold with 
words in such a case 
For to upbraid thy lord and king ? what art thou, soon 
Clyo. My lord and king I thee defy ;t and in de- 
spite I dare 
Thee for to say, thou art no prince, for thou a traitor 

And what reward is due therefore, to thee I shall im- 
Thra. Thou braggest all too boldly still: what 

hight| thy name, express. 
Clyo. What hight my name thou shalt not know, 
ne§ will I it confess ; 
But for that thou my lady stoFst from father's court 

ril sure revenge that traitorous fact upon thy flesh 
this day, 

* revoke] i. e. renounce. 

t My lord and king I thee defy] i. e. I reject you for my lord 
and king. 

X hight] i. e. is called. § ne] i. e. nor. 


Since I have met so luckily with thee here all alone, 
Although as I do understand from thee she now is 

Yet therefore do defend thyself, for here I thee assail. 
Thra. Alas, poor boy I thinkest thou against me 

to prevail ? 

[Here let them fight ^ the King fall down 

Thra. Ah, heavens! Thrasellushe is slain. Ye 

gods, his ghost receive ! 
Clyo. Now hast thou justice for thy fact, as thy 

desert doth crave. 
But, ah, alas ! poor Clyomon, though thou thy foe 

hast slain, 
Such grievous wounds thou hast receiv*d as do* in- 
crease thy pain : 
Unless I have some speedy help, my life must needlyf 

And then, as well as traitor false, my corpse of death 

shall taste. 
Ah my Neronis, where art thou ? ah, where art thou 

become ? 
For thy sweet sake thy knight shall here receive his 

vital doom : 
Lo, here, all gor'd in blood, thy faithful knight doth 

For thee, ah faithful dame, thy knight for lack of 

help shall die ! 

* do] Old ©d. " doth." 
t neeiUy] i. e. necessarily. 


For thee, ah, here thy Clyomon his mortal stroke 

hath ta*en ! 
For thee, ah, these same hands of his the Norway 

king have* slain ! 
Ah, Ueeding wounds from longer talk my foltringf 

tongue dot s^7» 
And if I have not speedy help my life doth waste away! 

Enter father CoaiN the shepherd^ and his dog. 

Coa. A plague on thee for a cur ! a ha§ driyen 
me sheep above from the flock : 

Ah thief, art not asham'd ? 1*11 beat thee like a stock; 

And cha been a-zeeking here above vour miles and 

But chill tell you what, chave the bravest lad of Jack 
the courtnol that ever was zeen bevore. 

Ah, the whorecopir is plaguily well lov*d in our town. 

An you had zeen [him] go to church bevore Madge my 
wife in her holiday gown, 

You would have blest yourzelves t*ave seen it ; she 
went even cheek by jowl 

With our head-controm's** wife, brother to my neigh- 
bour Nichol ; 

• have] Old ed. '< hath." t foUring] i. e. faltering. 

t do] Old ed. " doth." 

§ a ha] i. e. he has, — or periiaps our author meant the words 
to signify, you have. For explanations of other terms used here 
by Corin, see notes p. 85, 86. 

if whotecop] i. e. whore-head. 

** cowtrom^s] i. e. perhaps, comptor*s, countor's — (auditor of 
some sort). 


You know ha dwells by master justice over the water 

on the other side of the hill, 
Cham zure you know it, between my neighbour Fil- 

cher's varm-house and the wind-mill. 
But an you did zee how Joan Jenkin and Gillian 

Geffrey loves my boy Jack ; 
Why, it is marvellation to see ; Joan did so baste 

Gillian's back, 
That by Go's bones I laugh'd till cha be-piss'd my- 

zelf when cha zaw it : 
All the maids in town vails out for my boy, but and 

the young men know it. 
They'll be zo jealisom over them that cham in doubt 
Ichshallnot keep Jack my boy till seven years go about. 
Well, cham ne'er the near* vor my sheep, chave sought 

it this vour mile. 
But chill home and send Jack foorth to zeek it ano- 
ther while. 
But, bones of God, man, stay ! Jesu, whather wilt? 

wha, what mean'st lie here ? 
Clyo. Ah, good &ther, help me ! 
Cor. Nay, who there, f by your leave ! chill not 

come near. 
What, another? bones of me, he is either kill'd or dead ! 
Nay, varewell : vorty pence4 ye're a knave ! Go's 

death, a doth bleed ! 
Clto. I bleed indeed, father ; so grievous my wounds 


* ntfW the near] i. e. nerer the nearer, 
t who ihere^ i. e. ho there, — stop there. 

* vorttf pence] i. e. I will lay forty pence : see Steerens's note 
on Shakespeare's Henry VIII. act. ii. sc. S. 


That if I have not speedy help, long life is not in me. 
Cor. Why, what art thou ? or how chanced thou 

oattest in this case? 
Clto. Ah, father, that dead corpse which tboo 

seesi there in place. 
He was a knight and mine enemy whom here I have 

And I a gentleman whom he hath wounded with 

marvellous pain. 
Now thou knowest the truth, good father, shew some 

To stop my bleeding wounds, that I may find some 

My life to preserve, if possible I may. 
Cor. Well, hear you, gentleman, chould have you 

know this by the way, 
Cham but vather Corin the shepherd, Cham no surin- 

ger* I ; 
But chiU do what cha can vor you, cha were loth to 

see you die : 
Lo, how zay you by this ? have cha done you any ease? 
Clyo. Father, thy willingness of a certainty doth 

me much please : 
But, good father, lend me thy helping hand once agam, 
To bury this same knight whom here I have slain : 
Although he was to me a most deadly enemy. 
Yet to leave his body uhburied were great cruelty. 
CoR. Bones of God, man, our priest dwells too 

&r away. 

* suringer'\ i. e. soi^eon. 


Clto. Well, then, for want of a priest, the priest's 

part I will play : 
Therefore, father, help me to lay his body aright. 
For I will bestow a hearse of him because he was a 

If thou wilt go to a cottage hereby, and fetch such 

things as I lack. 
Cor. That chill, gentleman, and by and by return 

back. [Exit, 

Clto. But, Clyomon, pluck up thy heart with 

courage once again ; 
And I will set over his dead corse, in sign of victory 

My golden shield, and sword but with the point 

hanging down. 
As one conquered and lost his renown, 
Writing likewise thereupon, that all passengers may 

That the false king of Norway herelieth slain by me. 

Enter CoaiK with a hearse.f 

Cor. Lo, gentleman, cha brought zuch things as 

are requisite for the zame. 
Clyo. Then, good father, help me, the hearse for 

to frame. 

* plain] Perhaps this line is complete without the word which 
I hare added»— other lines having dropt out. 

t hearte] i. e., as Corin tells us, ** such things as are requisite 
for the same/' materials to form some sort of monument over 
the dead body. 


Cor. Chat chall, gentleman, in the best order that 
cha may. 
O that our parish-priest were here ! that you might 

hear him say ; 
Vor, by* Go's bones, an there be any noise in the 

church, in the midst of his prayers he*ll swear : 
Ah, he loves hunting a life If would to God you were 

acquainted with him a while ! 
And as vor a woman, — ^well, chill zay nothing, but 
cha know whom he did b^uile. 
Clto. Well, father Corin, let that pass, we have 
nothing to do withal : 
And now that this is done, come, reward thy pam I 

There is part of a recompence thy good will to requite. 
Cor. By my troth, cha thank you, cham bound 
to pray vor you day and night : 
And now chill even home, and send Jack my boy this 
sheep to seek out. 
Clto. Tell me, father ere thou goest, did'st thou 

not see a lady wandering here about ? 
CoR. A lady ? no, good vaith, gentleman^ cha zaw 

none, cha tell you plain. 
Clto. Well, then, farewell, father ; gramercies 
for thy pain. [Exit Corin. 

Ah, Neronis, where thou art or where thou dost abide, 

* For by, S;c.] Either before or after this line, a line has dropt 

t a life] i. e. as his life, exceedingly. 


Thy Clyomon to seek thee out shall rest do time nor 

Thy foe here lieth slain on ground, and living is thy 

Whose travel till he see thy face shall never have an 

My ensign here I leave behind ; these verses writ 
shall yield 
i A true report of traitor slain by the Knight of the 
Golden Shield ; 

And as unknown to any wight to travel I betake 

Until I may her find whose sight my heart may joy- 
ful make. [Exit. 

Enter Shift very brave,* 


S. Shift. Jesu, what a gazing do you make at me 
I to see me in a gown ! 

Do you not know, after travel men being in court or 

in town, 
And specially such as aref of any reputation, they 

must use this guise, 
Which signifieth a fool to be sage, grave, and of 

counsel wise? 
But where are we, think you now, that Shift is so 

brave ? 
Not running to seek the Knight of the Golden Shield ; 

another office I have ; 

• brave] i. e. finely dressed. t are] Old ed. ** is." 



For coming here to the court of Strange Marshes so 

Where King Alexander in his own person Hes, that 

prince mightily fam'd. 
Between Mustantius, brother to the late king deceas'd, 
And the queen, through King Alexander a strife was 

But how or which way I think you do not know : 
Well, then, give ear to my tale, and the truth I will 

The old king being dead through sorrow for Neronis, 
Whom we do hear lover to the Knight of the Golden 

Shield is. 
The queen, being with child, the sceptre ask^d to sway, 
But Mustantius the king's brother he did it denay,* 
Whereof great contention grew amongst the nobles 

on either side ; 
But being by them agreed the judgment to abide 
Of King Alexander the Great, who then was coming 

At bis arriy^ to the court they all were calFd to- 

gither : f 
The matter being heard, this sentence was given, 
That either party should have a champion to combat 

them between. 
That which champion were overcome, the other should 

And to be foughten after that time the sixteen day. 

* denay'] i. e. deny. 

t U^ihtr] So written for the rhyme. 



Now, my master Clamydes coming hither, for Mus- 
tantius will he be ; 

But upon the queen's side to venture none can we see, 

And yet she maketh proclamation through every land 

To give great gifts to any that will take the combat 

in hand. ^ 

Well,within ten days is the time, and EangAlexanderhe \ 

Stayeth till the day appointed the trial to see ; 

And if none come* at tlie day for the queen to fight. 

Then, without travail to my master, Mustandus hath 
his right : 

But to see all things in a readiness against th' ap- 
pointed day, 

like a shifting knave for advantage to court I'll take 
my way. [Exit. 

Enter Neronis like a shepherd's boy, 

Nero. The painful paths, the weary ways, the 

travails and ill fare, 
Thatsimplefeatto princes seem[s] in practice very rare. 
As I, poor dame, whose pensive heart no pleasure can 

Since that my state so cruelly fell Fortune holds in 

Ah poor Neronis, in thy hand is this a seemly show, 
Who shouldst in court thy lute supply where pleasures 

erst did flow ? 
Is this an instrument for thee, to guide a shepherd's 


• come] Old ed. ** came." 


That art a princess by thy birth and bom of noble stock ? 
May mind from mourning more refrain, to think on 

former state ? 
May heart from sighing eke abstain, to see this simple 

May eyes from down-distilling tears, when thus alone* 

I am, 
Resistance make, but must they not through ceaseless 

sorrows frame 
A river f of bedewM drops for to distil my face ? 
Ah heavens, when you are reveng'd enough, then 

look upon my case ! 
For till I hear some news, alas, upon my loving knight, 
I dare not leave this loathsome life for fear of greater 

And now, as did my master wiU, a| sheep that is astray 
I must go seek her out again by wild and weary way. 
Ah woful sight ! what is, alas, with these mine eyes 

beheld ? 
That to my loving knight belong'd I view the golden 

Ah heavens, this hearse doth signify my knight is 

slain ! 
Ah death, no longer do delay , but rid the livesof twain ! 
Heart, hand, and every sense, prepare, unto the hearse 

draw nigh. 
And thereupon submit yourselves; disdain not for to die 

• alone] Old ed. " a loue." 

t A river, &c.] Qy. " A river of distilled drops for to bedew 
my face ?" t a] Old ed. " as." 


With him that was your mistress* joy, her life and 

death like case ; 
And well I know in seeking me he did his end embrace ; 
That cruel wretch, that Norway King, this cursed 

deed hath done : 
But now to cut that hngering thread that Lachis* 

long hath spun. 
The sword of this my loving knight, behold, I here 

do take, 
Of this my woful corpse, alas, a final end to make ! 
Yet, ere I strike that deadly stroke that shall my life 

deprave, f 
Ye Muses, aid me to the gods for mercy first to crave ! 

[Sing here. 
Well now, you heavens, receive my ghost ! my corpse 

I leave behind, 
To be inclos*d with his in earth by those that shall it find. 

Descend Providence. 

Prov. Stay, stay thy stroke, thou wofiil dame ! 

what, wilt thou thus despair ? 
Behold, to letj this wilful fact, I, Providence prepare § 
To thee from seat of mighty Jove. Look hereupon 

Read that, if case thou canst it read, and see if he 

be slain 

* Lachis] i. e. Lachesis— contracted, it appears, for the sake 
of the measure. 

t deprave] i. e. deprive, take away : compare pp. 33. 70. 
X let] i. e. hinder. § prepare] See note, p. 56. 


Whom thou dost love. 

Nero. Ah heavens above. 
All laud and praise and honour due to you I here do 

That would vouchsafe your handmaid here in woful 

state to tender ! 
But by these same verses do I find my faithful knight 

doth live, 
Whose hand unto my deadly foe the mortal stroke 

did give, 
Whose cursed carcass, lo, it is which here on ground 

doth lie : 
Ah, honour due for this I yield to mighty Jove on 

Prov. Well, let desperation die in thee : 1 may 

not here remain, 
ButbeassurM that thou shalterelongthy knight attain. 

Nero. And for their providence divine the gods 

above Til praise. 
And shew their works so wonderful unto their laud 

Well, sith* that the gods by providence have f *sign^d 

unto me 
Such comfort sweet in my distress, my knight again 

to see, 
Farewell, all feeding shepherds' flocks, unseemly for 

my state ; 

* sith] i. e. since. t have] Old ed. *' hath," 


To seek my love I will set forth in hope, of friendly 

But first to shepherd's house I will, my pap^*s tire to 

And afterwards depart from thence my journey for to 

make. [Exit. 

Enter Sir Clyomon. 

Clyo. Long have I sought, but all in vain, for 
neither far nor near 

Of my Neronis, woful dame, by no means can I hear. 

Did ever fortune violate two lovers in such sort ? 

The griefs, ah, are intolerable the which I do support 

For want of her ! but hope somewhat revives my pen- 
sive heart. 

And doth to me some sudden cause of comfort now 

Through news I hear, as I abroad in weary travel went ; 

How that the queen her mother hath her proclama- 
tions sent 

Through every land, to get a knight to combat on 
her side, 

Against Mustantius duke and lord to have a matter 

And now the day is very nigh, as I do understand : 

In hope to meet my lady there I will into that land. 

And for her mother undertake the combat for to try. 

Yea, though the other Hector were, I would hira not 

Whatsoever he be : but ere I go, a golden shield Til 


Although unknown I will come in as doth my knight- 
hood crave ; 

But cover'd will I keep my shield, because Til not be 

If case my lady be in place, till I have prowess shown. 

Well, to have my shield in readiness, I will no time 

And then to combat for the queen I straight will take 
my way. [Exit 

Enter Neronis like the page. 

Nero. Ah weary paces that I walk with steps un- 
steady still ! 
Of all the gripes of grisly griefs Neronis hath her fill : 
And yet amids these miseries which were my first mis- 
By brute* I hear such news, alas ! as more and more 

in wraps 
My wretched corpse with thousand woes more than 

I may support ; 
So that I am to be compar'd unto the scaled fort. 
Which doth, so long as men and might and suste- 
nance prevail. 
Give to the enemies repulse that cometh f to assail. 
But when assistance gins to fail, and strength of foes 

They forced are through battering blows the same for 
to release : 

* brute] i, e. report. t cometh] See note p. 5. 


So likewise I, so long as hope my comfort did remain, 

The grisly griefs that me assaiPd I did repulse again. 

But now that hope begins to fail, and griefs anew do 

I must of force yield up the fort, I can no way devise 

To keep the same ; the fort I mean it is the weary corse 

Which sorrows daily do assail and siege without re- 

And now, to make my griefs the more, report, alas ! 
hath told 

How that my father's aged bones are f shrined up in 

Since Norway King did me betray, and that my mo- 
ther she 

Through Duke Mustantius uncle mine in great distress 
to be 

For swaying of the sceptre there : what should I 
herein say ? 

Now that I cannot find my knight, I would at com- 
bat day 

Be gladly there, if case I could with some good mas- 
ter meet. 

That as his page in these afiairs would seem me to 
intreat : 

And in good time here cometh one ; he seems a knight 
to be; 

ril proffer service, if in case he will accept of me. 

• remorse] i. e. pity. 
t are] Old ed. " is.*' 


Enter Clyomon with his shield covered, strangely 


Clyo. Well, now, as one unknown, I will go com- 
bat for the queen : 
Who can bewray me since my shield is not for to be 

But stay, who do I here espy ? of truth, a properf boy: 
If case he do a master lack, he shall sustain no noy,] 
For why in these afiairs he may stand me in passing 
Nero. Well, I see to pcuss upon my way this gen- 
tleman*8 decreed : 
To him I will submit myself in service for to be. 
If case he can his fancy frame to like so well on me. 
Well met, sir knight, upon your way. 

Clyo. My boy, gramercies ; but to me say 
Into what country is thy journey dight ? || 

Nero. Towards the Strange Marshe[s], of truth, 

sir knight. 
Clyo. And thither am I going ; high Jove be my 

Nero. Would gods I were worthy to be your page 

by your side ! 
Clyo. My page, my boy ? why, what is thy name ? 
that let me hear. 

t proper] i. e. handsome. t noy"] i. e. annoy, hurt, harm. 
§ steed] So written for the rhyme. 
II dight] i. e. prepared. 


Nero. Sir knight, by name I am callM Cceur- 

Clyo. CcBur-d'acier ? what. Heart of Steel? now, 
certis, my boy, 
I am a gentleman, and do entertain thee with joy ; 
And to the Strange Marshes am I going, the queen 

to defend : 
Come, therefore, for, without more saying, with me 
thou shalt wend. 
Nero. As diligent to do my duty as any in this 
land. [Exit Clyomon, 

Ah Fortune, how favourably my friend doth she stand ! 
For thus, no man knowing mine estate nor degree. 
May I pass safely a page as you see. [Exit, 

Enter Bryan Sans-foy with the head [of the 



Bryan. Even as the owl that hides her head in 

hollow tree till night. 
And dares not, while Sir Phoebus shines, attempt 

abroad in flight. 
So likewise I, as buzzard bold, while cheerful day is 

Am forc*d with owl to hide myself amongst the ivy green. 
And dare* not with the seelyf snail from cabin shew 

my head. 
Till Vesper I behold alofl in skies begin to spread, 

♦ dare] Old ed. «* dares." 

t Meiy] i. e. silly, simple — harmless. 


And then, as owl that flies abroad when other fowls 

do rest, 
I creep out of my drowsy den when Somnus f hath 

The head of every valiant heart ; lo, thus I shrowd 

the day, 
And travel, as the owl, by night upon my wished way; 
The which hath made more tedious my journey by 

half part : 
But blame not Bryan ; blame, alas ! his cowardly 

caitifi'*s heart. 
Which dares not shew itself by day for fear of wor- 
thy wights. 
For none can travel openly to escape the venturous 

Unless he have a noble mind and eke a valiant heart, 
The which I will not brag upon, I assure you for my 

For if the courage were in me the which in other is, 
I doubtless had enjoy'd the wight whom I do love ere 

Well, I have not long to travel now, to Denmark I 

draw nigh. 
Bearing Knight Clamydes* name, yet Bryan Sans-foy 

am I ; 
But though I do usurp his name, his shield or ensign 

Yet can I not usurp his heart, still Bryan's heart I bear: 

t Somnus] Old ed. '* summous." 


Well, I force* not that; he is safe enough; and Bryan, 

as I am, 
I will unto the court whereasf I shall enjoy that dame. 


Enter Subtle Shift like a whiffler. % 

S. Shift. Room there for a reckoning ! see, I be- 
seech you, if they'll stand out of the way ! 

Jesu, Jesu, why, do you not know that this is the day 

That the combat must pass for Mustantius and the 
queen ? 

But to fight upon her side as yet no champion is seen ; 

And Duke Mustantius, he smiles in his sleeve, because 
he dotii see 

lliat neither for love nor rewards any one her cham- 
pion will be : 

An't were not but Uiat my master the other champion 

To fight for the queen myself I surely would not miss. 

Alas, good lady ! she and her child are § like to lose 
all the land 

Because none will come in in her defence for to stand ; 

For where II she was in election, if any champion had 

To rule till she was deliver'd and have the prince's 

* fcTc$\ 1*. e. care for, regard. t tohereai] i. e. where. 

X a whiffier'] i. e. a person who clears the way for a procession. 
§ are] Old ed. " is." 
II where] i. e. whereas. 


Now shall Duke Miistantius be sure the sceptre to 

If that none do come in to fight in her cause this day ; 
And King Alexander all this while hath he stay'd the 

trial to see : 
Well, here they come. Room there for the king ! here's 

such thrusting of women as it grieveth me. 

Enter King Alexander, the Queen, Mustantius, 
two LordSy and Clam ydes like a champion. 

Must. O Alexander, lo, behold, before thy royal 
My champion here at 'pointed day I do present m 

Alex. Well, sir duke, in your defence is he con- 
tent to be ? 

Clam. Yea, worthy prince, not fearing who en- 
counter shall with me ; 
Although he were with Hercules of equal power and 

Yet in the cause of this same duke I challenge him 
the fight. 

Alex. I like your courage well, sir knight ; what 
shall we call your name ? 

Clam. Clamydes, son to the Suavian King, O 
prince, so hight* the same. 

Alex. Now certainly I am right glad, Clamydes, 
for to see 

* hightl i. e. is called. 


Such valiant courage to remain within the mind of 

Well, lady, according to the order ta'en herein, what 

do you say. 
Have you your champion in like case now ready at 

the day ? 
Queen. No, sure, O king, no champion I have for 

to aid my cause, 
Unless 'twill please your noble grace on further day 

to pause ; 
For I have sent throughout this isle and every foreign 

But none as yet hath profferM to take the sa^e in 

Alex. No ? I am more sorry certainly your chance 

to see so ill, 
But day deferred cannot be unless M ustantius will, 
For that his champion ready here in place he doth 

present ; 
And who so missed at this day should lose, by full 

Of either part, the title, right, and sway of regal mace : 
To this was your consentment given as well as his in 

And therefore without his assent we cannot defert the 

S. Shift. An't shall please your grace, herein try 

M ustantius what he will say. 

t defer] Old ed. " referre :" but see ante and post. 


Alex. How say you, Mustantius ? are you cod- 

tent the day to defer ? 
Must. Your grace will not will me, I trust, for then 
from law you err ; 
And havingnot her champion here, according to decree, 
There resteth nought for her to lose, the crown belongs 
to me. 
S. Shift. Nay, an*t shall please your grace, rather 
than she shall it lose, 
I myself will be her champion for half a dozen blows. 
Must. Wilt thou ? then by full congof to the 

challenger there stands. 
S. Shift. Nay, sofl; of sufferance cometh ease; 
though I cannot rule my tongue, FU rule my 
Must. Well, noble Alexander, sith^ that she wants 
her champion as you see. 
By 'greement of your royal grace the crown belongs 
to me. 
Alex. Nay, Mustantius, she shall have law : where- 
fore to sound begin. 
To see if that in three hours' space no champion will 
come in. [Sound here once. 

Of truth, madam, I sorry am none will thy cause 

Well, according to the law of arms, yet, trumpet, 

sound again. [Sound second time, 

t Congo] i. e. perhaps, congey — ^leave, permission : see Jamie- 
son's Scot. Diet, (Supp.) in v. 
X sith] i e. since. 


What, and is there none will take in hand to combat 
for the queen ? 
S. Shift. Faith, I think it must be I must do the 
deed^ for none yet is seen. 

[Enter behind j* Cltomon as to combat y and 
Neronis a« a page J] 

Queen. O king, let pity plead for me here in your 

gracious sight, 
And for so slender cause as this deprive me not of 

right ! 
Consider, once I had to spouse, a prince of worthy 

fame, , 

Though now blind Fortune spurn at me, her spite 1 

needs must blame ; 
And though I am bereft, O king, both of my child 

and mate. 
Your grace some 'greement may procure : consider 

of my state, 
And suffer not a widow queen with wrong oppressed so, 
But pity the young infant's case wherewith, O king, 

I go. 
And, though I suffer wrong, let that find favour in 

your sight. 

* Enter behind, &c.] That this stage-direction is necessary, 
appears from what follows. The old ed. makes him enter im- 
mediately before his first speech — " Enter Clyomon, as to Com- 



Alex. Why, lady, I respect you both, and sure 
would, it* I might, 
Entreat Mustantius thereunto some such good order 

Your strife should cease, and yet each one wellpleas^d 
with the same. 
Queen. I know your grace may him persuade, as 

reason wills no less. 
Alex. Well, sir Mustantius, then your mind to roe 
in brief express ; 
Will you unto such order stand here limited by me, 
Without deferring longer time ? say on, if you agree. 
Must. In hope your grace my state will weigh, I 

give my glad consent. 
Alex. And for to end all discord, say, madam, 

are you content ? 
,Queek. Yea, noble king. 
Alex. Well then, before my nobles all give ear unto 
the thing, * 
For swaying of the sword and mace all discord to 

beat down : 
The child, when it is born, we elect to wear the crown ; 
And till that time, Mustantius, you of lands and living 

Like equal part in every point with this the queen 

shall share, 
But to the child, when it is bom, if gods grant it to 

• thing] Old ed. ** King." — This Hue is intended to rhyme 
with the short line spoken by the Queen. 


The kingdom whole in every part as title we do give. 
But yet, Mustantius, we will yield this recompence 

to you, 
You shall receive five thousand crowns for yearly 

pension due. 
To maintain your estate while you here live and do 

And after let the whole belong unto the crown again. 
Now say your minds if you agree. 
Nero. * I would the Uke choice were put to me ! 
Queen. I for my part, f O noble king, therewith 

am well content. 
Must. Well, better half than nought at all: lUke- 

wise give consent 
Clto. [coming forward] RenownM king | and 
most of feme, before thy reyal grace. 
The queen to aid, I do present my person here in 
Must. You come too late, in faith, sir knight ; the 

hour and time is past 
Clyo. Your hour I am not to respect, I entered 

with the blast. 
Clam. What, princox, § is it you are come to com- 
bat for the queen ? 

* Nero] Old ed. ** Page/' which can only mean Neronis. 

t I for my part, &c.] Old ed. gives this and the next line to 
«' Must*' 

X Benowned king, &c.] See note p. 1 13. 

^ princox] i. e. coxcomb. 


Grood fortune now I I hope ere long your courage 
shall be seen. 
Clyo. And sure I count my hap as good to meet 
with you, sir knight : 
Come, according to your promise made, prepare your- 
self to fight. 
Clam. I knew you well enough, sir, although your 

shield were hid from me. 
Clyo. Now you shall feel me as well as know me, 

if hand and heart agree. 
Alex. Stay, stay, sir knights, I charge you not in 
combat to proceed, 
For why the quarrel ended is and the parties are agreed ; 
And therefore we discharge you both the combat to 
Nero. The heavens therefore, O noble king, thy 

happy shield remain! 
Clam. O king, although we be discharged for this 
contention now. 
Betwixt us twain there resteth yet a combat made by 

Which should be fought before your grace ; and since 

we here be met. 
To judge 'twixt us for victory let me your grace en- 
A LEX. For what occasion is your strife,* sir knights, 

first let me know. 
Clam. The truth thereof, renowned king, thy ser- 
vant he shall shew. 

♦ strife] Old ed. " strifes." 


What time, O king, as I should take of Suavia King 

my sire 
Tlie noble order* of a knight, which long I did desire, 
This knight a stranger comes to court, and at that 

present day 
In cowardly wise he comes by stealth and takes from 

me away 
The honour that I should have had ; for which my 

father he 
Did of his blessing give in charge, noble king, to me. 

That I should know his name that thus bereav'd me of 

my right. 
The which he will not shew unless he be subdu'd in 

Whereto we either plighted faith that I should know 

his name. 
If that before thy grace, O king, my force in fight 

could frame 
To vanquish him : now having met thus happily to- 

Though they are 'greed, our combat rest[s] decreed ere 
we came hither. 
Alex. Are you that knight that did subdue Sir 
Samuel in field, 
For which you had in recompense of us that golden 
shield ? 
Clyo. I am that knight, renowned prince, whose 
name is yet unknown, 

* order] So old ed. several times elsewhere : here (and at 
p. 22,) '* orders." t togHher] So written for the rhyme. 


Andy since I foil'd Sir Samuel, some prowess I have 
QuEEK. Then, as I guess, yon are that knight, by 
that same shield you bear, 
Which some time was restor*d to health, within our 

palace here. 
By Neronis, our daughter, she betray'd by Norway 
Clto. I am that knight indeed, O queen, whom 
she to heahh did bring ; 
Whose servant ever I am bound wheresoever that she be, 
Whose enemy, O queen, is slain, pursuing her, by me. 
QusEK. Know you not where she abides? sirknigbt, 

to us declare. 
Clyo. NoyCertis; would to gods I did! she should 
not live in care ; 
But escap'd from the Norway King I am assur'dshe is. 
QuEEK. Well, her absence was her father's death, 

which tum*d to bale* my bliss. 
Clyo. And till I find her out again, my toil no end 

shall have. 
NERO.f Alas, he is nigh enough to her ! small toO 

the space doth crave. 
Alex. Well, sir knights, since that you have de- 
clar*d before me here 
The cause of this the grudge which you to each other 

1 wish you both a while to pause and to my words attend: 

* bale] i. e. misery. 

t Nero] Old ed. " Queene." 


If reason rest with you, be sure, knights, this quarrel 

I will end 
Without the shedding any blood betwixt you here in 

Clamydes, weigh you are nobly bom, and will you 

then, sir knight. 
Go hazard life so desperately ? I charge you both refrain, 
Since for so small a cause the strife doth grow betwixt 

you twain : 
And let him know your name, sir knight, and so your 

malice end. 
Clyo. I have vow'd to the contrary, which vow I 

must defend. 
Alex. Well, though so it be that you have vow*d 

your name shall not be known. 
Yet not detracting* this your vow, your country may 

be shown, 
And of what stock by birth you be. 

S. Shift. Birlady,f he is dash'd now, I see. 
Clyo. Indeed this hath aston'dj me much ; I can- 
not but confess 
My country, and my birth, my state, which plainly 

will express 
My name, for that unto them all my state is not [un] 

Alex. Sir knight^ of our demand from you again 

what answer shall be shown ? 

* detracting] i. e. taking from, violating : the expression '* de- 
tract our tows/' occurs at p. 84, in a somewhat different sense, 
t Birlady] i. e. By our Lady. 
X attoH*d] confounded, perplexed. 


Clto. Of Denmark, noble prince, I am, and son 

unto the king. 
Alex. Why then Sir Clyomon hight* your name, 

as rare report doth ring ? 
Clto. It doth indeed so hight my name, O prince 
of high renown ; 
I am the Prince of Denmark's son, and heir unto the 
Clam. And are you son to Denmark King? then 
do embrace your friend. 
Within whose heart here towards you all malice makes 

an end. 
Who with your sister link^ is in love with loyal heart. 
Clyo. And, for her sake and for thine own, like 

friendship I impart 
Alex. Well , sir knights, since friendship rests where 
rancour did remain, 
And that you are such friends become, I certain am 

right &in 
In hope you will continue still : you shall to court 

And remain, if that you please, a while to rest you there, 
Till time you have decreed which way your journey 
you will frame. 
Both. We yield you thanks, beseeching Jove still 
to augment your fame. 
[Exeunt [all except ClamydeSf Clyomon^ 
and Neronis.] 

* hight] i. e. is called. 


Clam. Well, come, my Clyomon, let us pass, and, 
as we joum* by way. 
My most misfortunes unto thee I wholly will bewray. 
What happened in my last affairs and for thy sister's 
Clyo. Well, then, Coeur-d'acier, come, and wait, 
your journey you shall take ; 
And, seeing thou art prepared and hast all things in 

Haste thee before to Denmark with speediness. 
And tell the king and the queen that Clyomon their 

In health and happy state to their court doth return ; 
But in no wise to Juliana say anything of me. 
Nero. I will not shew one word amiss contrary 

your decree. 
Clam. Well then, my Clyomon, to take our leave, 

to court let us repair. 
Clyo. As your friend and companion, Clamydes, 
every where. 

[Exeunt [Clamydes and Clyomon.] 
Nero. O heavens, is this my loving knight whom 
I have served so long ? 
Now have I tried his faithful heart : O, so my joys 

dot throng 
To think how Fortune favoureth me I Neronis, now 
be glad, 

• joum] i. e. journey, 
t do] Old ed. •• doth." 


And praise the gods thy jouraey now such good sac- 
cess hath had. 

To Denmark will I haste with joy, my message to 

And tell the king how that his son doth homeward 
now repair ; 

And more to make my joys abound, Fortune could 
never frame 

A finer mean to senre my turn than this, for by the same 

1 may unto the queen declare my state in secret wise, 

As by the way I will recount how best I can devise. 

Now pack, Neronis, like a page ; haste hence lest 
thou be spied, 

And tell thy master's message there : the gods my 
journey guide I [Exit 

Enter Kino of Denmark, The Queen, Juliana, 

Two Lords. 

Kino. Come, lady queen ; and daughter eke, my 
Juliana dear. 

We muse that of your knight as yet no news again 
you hear. 

Which did adventure for your love the serpent to sub- 
JuLi. O father, the sending of that worthy knight 
my woful heart doth rue. 

For that, alas ! the furious force of his outrageous 

As I have heard, subduM hath full many a worthy 
knight : 


And this last night, O father, past, my mind was 

troubled sore ; 
Methought in dream I saw a knight, not known to 

me before, 
Which did present to me the head of that same mon- 
ster slain ; 
But my Clamydes still in voice methought I heard 

As one bereft of all his joy : now what this dream 

doth signify, 
My simple skill will not suffice the truth thereof to 

But sore I fear to contraries the expect thereof will hap. 
Which will in huge calamities my woful corpse be- 

For sending of so worthy a prince, as was Clamydes he, 
To sup* his dire destruction there for wretched love 

of me. 
Queen. Tush, daughter, these but fancies be, which 

run within your mind. 
Kino. Let them for to suppress your joys no place 

of harbour find. 
First Lord. O princess, let no dolours daunt : 

behold your knight in place. 
JuLi. Ah happy sight ! do I behold my knight 

Clamydes* face ? 

* sup] Seems to be equivalent here to — taste. Compare " my 
corpse of death shall taste" p. 91. 


Enter Bryan Sans-foy, with the [serpenfs] head 

on his sword. 

Bryan. Well, I have at last through travel long 
atchiev'd my journey's end : 
Though Bryan, yet Clamydes' name I stoutly must 

Ah happy sight ! the king and queen with daughter 

in like case 
1 do behold : to them I will present myself in place. 
The mighty gods, renownM* king, thy princely state 
maintain ! 
King. Sir Clamydes, most welcome sure you are 

to court again. 
Bryan. O princess, lo, my promise here performM 
thou mayst see ; 
The serpent's head by me subdued I do present to thee 
Before thy father's royal grace. 

JuLi. My Clamydes, do embrace 
Thy Juliana, whose heart thou hast till vital race be 

Sithf for her sake so venturously this deed by thee 

was done : 
Ahy welcome home, my faithful knight I 
Bryan. Gramercies, noble lady bright 
Kino. Well, Juliana, in our court your lover cause 
to stay : 

* renowned] Here, (and here only, for the word occurs re- 
peatedly in this play), old ed. has the more antique form ** re- 
no wmed." t siih] i. e. since. 


For all our nobles we will send against your nuptial day. 
Go, carry him to take his rest. 

JuLi. I shall obey your grace's best. 
Come, my Clamydes, go with me in court your rest 
to take. 
Bryan. I thank you, lady; now I se^ accompt of 
me you make. 

[Exeunt [Juliana and Bryan Sans-foy.] 
King. Well, my queen, sith daughter ours hath 
chosen such a make,* 
The terror of whose valiant heart may cause our foes 

to quake, 
Come, let us presently depart, and, as we did decree. 
For all our nobles will we send, their nuptials for to see. 
QuKEN. As pleaseth thee, thy lady queen, O king, 

is well agreed. 
First Lord. May it please your graces to arrest, t 
for, lo, with posting speed 
A messenger doth enter place. 

King. Then will we stay to know the case. 

Enter Neronis [as a page,] 

Nero. The mighty powers renowned prince, pre- 
serve your state for aye ! 

King. Messenger, thou art welcome : what hnst 
thou to say ? 

Nero. SirClyomon, your noble son. Knight of the 
Golden Shield, 

* make]i,e» mate. t an-^st] i. e. stop. 


Wlio for his valiant victories in town and eke in field 
Is fam^ through the world, to your court doth now 

And hath sent me before to court, your grace for to 
Kino. Ah messenger, declare, is this of truth the 

which that thou hast told ? 
Nero. It is most true, O noble king, you may 

thereof be bold. 
Kino. Ah joy of joys surpassing all ! what joy is 
this to me, 
My Clyomon in court to have, the nuptial for to see 
Of JuHana sister his ! O so I joy in mind ! 
Queen. My boy, whereis thy master, speak ; what, 
is he far behind ? 
Declare with speed, for these my eyes do long his face 
to view. 
Nero. O queen, this day he will be here, 'tis truth 
I tell to you : 
But, noUe queen, let pardon here my bold attempt 

And for to hear a simple boy in secret not refuse. 
Who hath strange tidings from your son to tell unto 
your grace. [Exit [tnth the Queen.] 

First Lord. Behold, my lord, where, as I guess, 

some strangers enter place. 
King. I hope my Clyomon be not far : O joy, I 
see his face !• 

* face] Either a triplet was inteuded here, or a line has 
dropt out. 


[Enter Clyomon, Clauvdes, and Subtle Shift.] 

Clto. Come, Knowledge, come forward ; why art 
thou always slack ? 
Get you to court, brush up our apparel, untruss your 
pack : 

00 seek out my page, bid him come to me with all 

speed you can. 
S. Shift. Go seek out, fetcb, bring here \ Gog's 
ouuds,' what am I, a dog or a man ? 

1 were better be a hangman andf live so like a drudge : 
Since your new man came to you, I must pack, 1 

must trudge. 
Clto. How, stands thou, knave? why gets thou 

not away ? 
S. Shift. Now, row, sir, you are so hasty now ; 

I know not what to say. [Exit, 

Clto. O noble prince, the gods above preserve tliy 

royal grace! 
King. How joyful is my heart, dear son, to view 

E^ain thy face ! 
Clto. And I asjoyAilin the view of parents' happy 

Whom sacred gods long time mamtain in honour day 

and night ! 
But this my friend, O father dear, even as myself in- 


* Geg^i Dunifa] i, e. God's woaadi. 

t and] u e. if. i inlfwl] L «. IceM. 


Whose nobleness, when time shall serve, to you he 
shall repeat. 
Kivo. If case my son he be thy friend, with heart 

I thee embrace. 
Clam.* With loyal heart in humble wise I thank 

your noble grace. 
King. My Clyomon, declare, my son, in thine ad- 
ventures late 
What hath been wrought by Fortune most to advance 
thy noUe state. 
Clyo. O &ther, the greatest joy of all the joys 
which was to onef assigned, 
Since first I left your noble court, by cruel Fortune blind 
Is now bereft from me away through her accursed fate, 
So that I rather find she doth envy my noble state 
Than seek for to advance the same ; so that I boldly may 
Express she never gave so much but more she took 

And that which I have lost by her and her accursed ire, 
From travel will I never cease until I may aspire 
Unto the view thereof, O king, wherein is all my joy. 
Kin o. Why, how hath Fortune wrought to thee this 

care and great annoy ? 
Clto. O father, unto me the heavenly powers as- 
sign*d a noble dame, 
With whom to live in happy life my heart did wholly 
frame ; 

• Ciom.] Old ed. " Clyomon." 

t one] May be right, — but qy. " me" ? 


But not long did that glazing* star give light unto 

mine eyes 
But this fell Fortune 'gins to frown, which every state 


And takes away through canker'd hate that happy 

light from me. 
In which I fix^d had my hope a blessM state to see : 
And daughter to the King she was which of Strange 

Marshes hight,t 
Bearing brutej each where to be dame Beauty's dar- 
ling bright, 
Right heir unto dame Virtue's grace, dame Nature's 

pattern true. 
Dame Prudence' scholar for her wit, dame Venus for 

her hue, 
Diana for her dainty life, Susanna being sad,§ 
Sage Saba for her soberness, mild Marpha being 

And if I should re-entry make amongst the Muses nine, 
My lady lack'd no kind of art which man may well 

Amongst those dainty dames to be : then let all judge 

that hear. 
If that my cause it be not just for which this pensive 

Fell Fortune forceth me to make. 

* gUusing] i. e. shining. t hight] i. e. is called. 

X brute] i. e. report. § sad] i. e. serious, grave. 



King. Yet, Clyomon, good counsel take ; 
Let not the loss of lady * thine so pinch thy heart 

with grief 
That nothing may unto thy mind g^ve comfort or re- 
What, man ! there ladies are enow, although that she 

be gone; 
Then leave to wail the want of her, cease off to make 

this moan. 
Clto. No, father, never seem for to persuade, for, 

as is said before, 
What travail I have had for her it shall be triple more 
Until I meet with her again. 

Clam. Well, Clyomon, a while refrain, 
And let me here my woes recount before your father's 

But let me crave your sister may be sent for into place. 
O king, vouchsafe I may demand a simple bound ;t 
Although a stranger, yet I hope such favour may be 

found : 
The thing is this, that you will send for Juliana hither, 
Your daughter fair, that we may talk a word or twain 

King. For what, let me know, sir knight, do you 

her sight desire. 
Clto. The cause pretends § no harm, my hege, 

why he doth this require. 

* tody"] Old ed. ** the lady,** f bound] i. e. boon. 

t togither] So written for the rhyme. 
§ pretends] i. e. intends. 


King. My lord, go bid our daughter come and 

speak with me straightway. 

First Lord. I shall, my liege, in every point, your 

mind herein obey. [Exit, 

Clyo. O father, this is Clamydes and son to Suavia 


Who for my sister ventur'd life the serpent's head to 

With whom I met in travel mine ; but more what did 

To work his woe, whenas* she comes, your grace shall 
know it all. 
King. My son, yau are deceivM much, I you as* 
sure, in this ; 
The person whom you term him for, in court already is. 
CLYo.f No, father, I am not deceiv*d, this is Cla- 
mydes sure. 
King. Well, my son, do cease awhile such talk to 
put in ure, t 
For, lo, thy sister entereth place, which soon the doubt 
shall end. 
Clam. Then for to shew my name to her I surely 
do pretend. § 

Enter Juliana, [and First Lord.] 

My JuHana, noble dame, Clamydes do embrace. 
Who many a bitter brunt hath bode since that he saw 
thy face. 

* whena$] i. e. when. t Clyo,] Old ed. '* Clamy." 

^ ure] i. e. use. § pretend] i. e. intend. 


JuLi. Avaunt, dissembling wretch ! what credit 

canst thou yield ? 
Where's the serpent's head thou brought, where is my 

gUttering shield ? * 
Tush, tush, sir knight, you counterfeit ; you would 

Clamydes be. 
But want of these bewrays you quite and shews you 

are not he. 
Clam. O, princess, do not me disdain ! I certain 

am your knight. 
JuLi. What, art thou frantic, foolish man? avauot 

from out my sight ! 
if thou art he, then shew my shield and bring the 

serpent's head. 
Clam. O princess, hear me shew my case by For- 
tune fell decreed : 
1 am your knight, and when I had subdu'd the mon- 
ster fell 
Through weary fight and travail great, as Knowledge 

here can tell, 
I laid me down to rest a space within the forest, where 
One Bryan then, who Sans-foy hight,t with cowardly 

usage there 
By ^chanting charm brought me asleep ; then did he 

take from me 
The serpent's head, my coat, and shield the which you 

gave to me, 

* my glittering ^ield^ i. e. the glitteriog shield which I gare 
to you : see p. It. 

t hight]' i. e. is called. — Old ed. gives the line thas ; 
" Ont Bryan than Sancefoy hight, who with cowardly vsage there" 


And left me in his prison, lo, still sleeping as I was :* 
Lo, lady, thus I lost those things the which to me you 

But certainly I am your knight, and he who did de- 

The flying serpent of his life, according as you will'd. 
That whoso won your love, by him the same should 

be fiilfiird. 
JuLi. Alas, poor knight, how simply have you 

framM this excuse ! 
The name of such a noble knight to usurp and eke abuse. 
Cl.yo. No, sister, you are deceived ; this is Clamydes 

JuLi. No, brother, then you are deceived, such tales 

to put in ure ; X 
For my Clamydes is in court, who did present to me. 
In white attire, the serpent's head and shield as yet 

to see. 
Clam. That shall I quickly understand. O king, 

permit I may 
Have conference awhile with him, who,§ as your 

grace doth say. 
Presents Clamydes for to be before your royal grace. 
J uLi. Behold, no whit aghast to shew himself, where 

he doth enter place. 

* I was} The want of a rhyme shews that a line has dropt oat 

t deprave] i. e. deprive : compare pp. 33, 70, 101. 

X ure] i. e. use. 

§ who] Old ed. " whom." 


[Enter Bryan Sans-foy.] 

Clam. Ah, traitor, art thou he that doth my name 

and state abuse ? 
JuLi. Sir knight, you are too bold, in presence here 

such talk against him for to use. 
Bryan. Wherefore dost thou upbraid me thus, thou 

varlet, do declare ! * 
Clyo. No varlet he ; to call him so, sir knight, you 

are to blame. 
Clam. Wouldst thou perstandf for what intent 

such talk I here do frame ? 
Because I know thou dost usurp my state and noble 

Bryan. Who art thou, or what*s thy name? re- 
answer quickly make. 
CijiM. I am Clamydes, whose nsune to bear thou 

here dost undertake. 
Bryan. Art thou Clamydes? Vaunt, thou false 

usurper of my state ! 
Avoid this place, or death shall be thy most accurst 

How dar'st thou enterprise to take my name thus unto 

Clam. Nay, rather, how dar'st thou attempt to 

usurp the name of me ? 
JuLi. You lie, sir knight, he doth not so ; *gainst 

him you have it done. 

* dsclare] Qy. '* proclaim" for the rhjone. ? 

t pentand] i. e. understand : compare pp. 9, 34, 64. 


Clyo. Sister, you are deceiv'd, my friend here is 
Clamydes prince, the King of Suavia*s son. 
JuLi. Nay, brother, neither you nor he can me 

deceive herein.* 
Clam. O king, bow down thy princely ears, and 
listen what I say : 
To prove myself the wight I am before your royal grace. 
And to disprove this faithless knight, which here 1 6nd 

in place 
For to usurp my name so much, the combat will I try ; 
For before I will mine honour lose, I rather chuse to 
Kino. I Uke well your determined mind. But how 

say you, sir knight ? 
Bryan. Nay, by his ounds,t FU gage my gown he 
dares not fight : 
By 6og*st blood, I shall be slain now if the combat 

I deny. 
And not for the ears of my head with him I dare try. 
King. Sir knight, why do you not re-answer make 

in trial of your name ? * 

Bryan. I will, O king, if case he dare in combat 

try the same. 
Kino. Well, then, go to prepare yourselves, each 

one his weapons take. 
JuLi. Good father, let it not be so, restrain them 
for my sake ; 

♦ herein] Qy. " herein, parfay" [i. e. by my faith] for the 
rhyme 1 

f his ounds] i. e. his (God's) wounds. 
X Gflg:'«] i. e. God's. 


I may not here behold my knight in danger for to be 
With such a one who doth usurp his name to purchase 

I speak not this for that I fear his force or strength 

in fight, 
But that I will not have him deal with such a despe- 
rate wight. 
Kino. Nay, sure there is no better way than that 
which is decreed ; 
And therefore for to end their strife the combat shall 

Sir knights, prepare yourselves the truth thereof to try. 
Clam. I ready am, no cowar[d]ly heart shall cause 

me to deny. 
Bryan. Nay, Til never stand the trial of it, my 
heart to fight doth faint ; 
Therefore Fll take me to my legs, seeing my honour 
I must attaint. 
King. Why, whither runs Clamydes ? Sir knight, 

seem* to stay him. 
Clyo. Nay, it Is Clamydes, O king, that doth fray 

Clam. Nay, come, sir, come, for the combat we 

will try. 
Bryan. Ah no, my heart is done If to be Clamydes 

I deny. 
King. Why, how now, Clamydes ? how chance 
you do the combat here thus shun ? 

* seem] Compare ** never seem for to persuade/' p. ISO. 
t done] Qy. " gone." 


Bryan. O king, grant pardon unto me ! the thing 
I have begun 
I must cleny ; for I am not Clamydes, this is plain, 
Though greatly to my shame I must my words revoke 

I am no other than the knight whom they Sans-foy call : 
This is Clamydes, the fear of whom my daunted mind 
doth pal.f 
JuLi. Is this Clamydes ? Ah, worthy knight, then 
do forgive thy dear ! 
And welcome eke ten thousand times unto thy lady 
here ! 
Clam. Ah my JuUana bright ! what's past 1 do 
For well I see thou constant art ; and, whibt that I 

do live, 
For this my firmed faith in thee for ever I'll repose. 
JuLi. O father, now I do deny J that wretch, and 
do amongst my foes 
Recount him for this treason wrought. § 

Kino. Well, Knowledge, take him unto thee ; 
and for the small regard 
The which he had to vahant knights, this shall be his 
reward : 

t pal] i. e. appal. 

X deny] i. e. reject, renounce. 

§ torought] Here something has dropt out ; but, even in that 
case, I cannot account for the King's addressing Knowle<^, 
i. e. Subtle Shift, who has been sent off the stage by Clyomon 
(see p. 127), and has not yet returned (see p. 138). 


Sith * he by charms his craelty in cowardly manner 

On knights, who, as Clamydes did, the crown of ho- 
nour sought, 
Andtraitourously did them betray in prison for to keep, 
The fruits of such like cruelty himself by us shall reap 
By due desert : therefore I charge to prison him convey, 
There for to he perpetually unto his dying day. 
Bryan. O king, be merciful and shew some favour 

in this case ! 
King. Nay, never think that at my hands thou 
shalt find any grace. 

[Exit Bryan Sans-fay guarded,] 
Clamydes, ah, most welcome thou our daughter to 

enjoy ! 
The heavens be praisM that this havef wrought to 
foil all future noy ! | 
Clam. I thank your grace that you thus so well 
esteem of me. § 

Enter Knowledge [Subtle Shift.] 

S. Shift. What, is all things finish'd and every 
man eas*d ? 
Is the pageant pack'd up and all parties pleas'd ? 
Hath each lord his lady and each lady her love ? 
Clyo. Why, Knowledge, what meanest thou those 
motions to move ? 

♦ Siih] i. e. Since. t have] Old ed. *' hath." 

t noy"] i. e. annoy, hurt, harm. 

§ me] Here again something is wanting. 


S. Shift. You were best stay awhile and then you 
shall know, 
For the queen herself comes the motion to shew. 
You sent me, if you remember, to seek out your page. 
But I cannot find him ; I went whistling and calling 

through the court in such a rage ! 
At the last very sca[r]cely in at a chamber I did pry, 
Where the queen with other ladies very busy I did spy 
Decking up a strange lady very gallant and gay. 
To bring her here in presence, as in court I heard say. 
Clto. a strange lady. Knowledge ? of whence is 

she canst thou tell me ? 
S. Shift. Not I, an*t shall please you, but anon 
you shall see, 
For, lo, where the lady vfiih your mother doth come. 

Enter Queek [and Neronis in female attire,] 

Clyo. Then straightway my duty to her grace 

shall be done. 
The mighty gods preserve your state, O queen and 

mother dear, 
Hoping your blessing I have had though absent many 

a year ! 
Queen. My Clyomon I thy sight, my son, doth 

make thy ag^d mother glad. 
Whose absence long and many a year hath made thy 

pensive parents sad ; 
And more to let thee know, my son, that I do love 

and tender thee. 


I have here for thy welcome home a present which 

I'll give to thee ; 
This lady, though she be unknown, refuse her not, 

for sure her state 
Deserves a prince's son to wed, and therefore take 

her for thy mate. 
Clyo. O noble queen and mother dear, I thank 

you for your great good will. 
But I am otherwise bestow'd, and sure I must my 

oath fulfil, 
And so I mind, if gods tofore,* on such decree I mean 

to pause, 
For sure I must of force deny, my noble father knows 

the cause. 
KiKG. Indeed, my queen, this much he told, he 

lov*d a lady since he went. 
Who hath his heart, and ever shall, and none but her 

to love he's bent, 
Clyo. So did I say, and so I will ; no beauty's 

blaze, no ghstering wight, 
Can cause me to forget her love to whom my faith I 

first did plight. 
Nero. Why, are you so strait-lac'd, sir knight, to 

cast a lady off so coy ? 
Turn once again and look on me ; perhaps my sight 

may bring you joy. 
Clyo. Bring joy to me ! alas, which way ? no 

lady's looks can make me glad. 

* gods tofore^ The ex])re8sion ** god tofore," — i, e. god going 
before, favouring — is of frequent occurrence : but the line is 
very obscure. 


Nero. Then were my recompence but small to quit 

my pain for you I had : 
Wherefore, sir knight, do weigh my words, set not so 

light the love I shew, 
But when you have bethought yourself, you will re- 
cant and turn I know. 
QuEEK. My Clyomon, refuse her not; she is and 

must thy lady be. 
Clyo. If otherwise my mind be bent, I trust your 

grace will pardon me. 
Nero. Well, then, I see *tis time to speak : sir 

knight, let me one question crave. 
Clyo. Say on your mind. * 
Nero. Where is that lady now become, to whom 

your plighted faith you gave ? 
Clyo. Nay, if I could absolve that doubt, then 

were my mind at ease. 
Nero. Were you not brought to health by her, 

when you came sick once off the seas ? 
Clyo. Yea, sure, I must confess a truth, she did 

restore my health to me. 
For which good deed I rest her own in hope one day 

her face to see. 
Nero. But did you not promise her to return to 

see her at a certain day, 
And ere you came that to perform, the Norway King 

stole her away. 
And so your lady there you lost ? 

* gay on your miiid] Old ed. gives these words (printed in 
Italics) as part of Neronis's speech. 


Clto. All this I grant, but to his cost, 
For, stealing her against her will, this hand of mine 
bereft his life. 
Nero. Now, sure, sir knight, you serv*d him well; 
to teach him know another man's wife : 
But yet once more, sir knight, reply, the truth I crave 

to understand, 
In forest once who gave you drink whereas* you stood 

with sword in hand. 
Fearing lest some had you pursu'd for slaying of your 
Clto. That did a silly shepherd's boy, which there 

I took my page to be. 
Nero. And what is of that page become ? remains 

he with you, yea, or no? 
Clto. I sent him hither ere I came, because the 
king and queen should know 
That I in health returned was ; but since I never saw him. 
Nero. And, sure, he stands not far from hence, 

though now you do not know him. 
Clto. Not far from hence ! where might he be? 
Nero. Of troth, sir knight, myself am he : 
I brought your message to the king, as here the queen 

can testify, 
I gave you drink in forest sure when you with drought 

were like to die, 
I found you once upon the shore full sick whenasf you 

came from seas, 
I brought you home to father's court, I sought all 
means your mind to please, 

* whereas] i. e. where. t tvhenas] i. e. when. 


And i it was that all this while have waited like a page 

on thee, 
Still hoping for to spy a time wherein I might disco- 
ver me ; 
And so by hap at last I did, I thank your mother's 

noble grace. 
She entertain 'd me courteously when I had told her 

all my case ; 
And now let this suffice, my dear, I am Neronis whom 

you see, 
Who many a weary step hath gone before and since 
I met with thee. 
Clyo. O sudden joys ! O heavenly sight ! O words 
more worth than gold ! 
Neronis, O my dear, welcome ! my arms I here unfold 
To clasp thy comely corpse withal : twice welcome 
to thy knight ! 
Nero. And I as joyful am no doubt, my Ciyomon, 

of thy happy sight. 
Clyo. Clamydes,my assured friend, lo, how dame 
Fortune favoureth me ! 
This is Neronis my dear love, whose face so long I 
wish*d to see. 
Clam. My Ciyomon, 1 am as glad as you yourself 

to see this day. 
Kino. Well, daughter, though a stranger yet, wel- 
come to court, as I may say. 
Queen. And, lady, as welcome unto me as if thou 

wert mine only child. 
Nero. For this your gracious courtesy 1 thank 
you, noble princess mild. 



JuLi. Though strange and unacquainted yet, do 
make account you welcome are ; 
Your nuptial day as well as mine I know my father 
will prepare. 
King. Yes, we are prest* your nuptial day with 
daughter ours to see, 
As well as Clyomon*s our son with this his lady fair ^ 
Come, therefore, to our court that we the same may^ 

soon prepare. 
For we are prest throughout our land for all our peers 
to send. 
Omnes. Thy pleasure most renowned king, thy 
servants shall attend. 

[Exeunt omnes.] 

* prest] i. e. ready, or, rather, earnest, eager : compare p. 20. 
The King here replies to Clamydes, whose speech Itns dropt 



VOL. Ilf. 

An Eglogve Gfvtvlatorie. Entitulsd: To ths right honi>rabU,ani 
renowfiud Sheph^ard of AWiont Arcadia : Robert EarU of Eaex and 
Efoe, for hii toelconu into England from Portugall. Done by 
George Peele, Maitter of arte in Oxom, At London ; Printed by 
Richard Jones, and are to he eolde at the eigne of the Rose and 
Crowne, ouer against the Fauleon» 1589. 4to. 

This piece is now given from a transcript of the copy (vide 
Account of Peele and his Writings, p. xix.) which belonged to the 
late Mr. Heber. 

Essex joined the expedition in behalf of Don Antonio (see 
vol. ii. p. 166.) having fitted oat several ships at his own 
expense. He sailed without the consent or knowledge of the 
Queen ; but her anger at his secret departure was easily appeased 
on his return. He conducted himself during the expedition 
with his usual gallantry and generosity. 





Didte* I'dpisan^ et, 16^ bis dicitCf paan ! 
In patriam rediit magnus Apollo suam. 


Herdgroom, what garsf thy pipe to go so loud ? 
Why bin | thy looks so smicker § and so proud ? 
Perdy,|| plain Piers, but this couth IF ill agree 
With thilk** bad fortune that aye thwarteth thee. 


That thwarteth me, good Palinode, is fate, 
Y-bom was Piers to be infortunate ; 
Yet shall my bag-pipe go so loud and shrill 
That heaven may entertain my kind good will ; 

I'd, id pcean ! 

• Didte, &c.] This line is from Oyid, Ar. Am, ii. 1. 

t gfin] i. e. makes, causes. t biri] i. e. be. 

§ smicker] i. e. smirking. 

II Perdy] i. e. In truth (par dieu). 

% couth] i. e. knew to, was able to, could. 

** ihiUc] i. e. the or that same. 



Sot, I say, losel, * lewdest |- of all swains, 
Sing*st thou proud pseans on these open plains ? 
So ill sittetht this strain, this lofty note. 
With thy rude *tire and gray russet coat. 


Gray as my coat is, green all are my cares. 
My grass to dross, my com is tum*d to tares ; 
Yet even and morrow will I never lin§ 
To make my crowd || speak as it did begin. 

Id J id paan ! 


Thou art too crank,1[ and crowdest all too high, 

Beware a chip fall not into thine eye : 

Man, if triumphals here be in request. 

Then let them chaunt them that can chaunt them best. 


Thou art a sour swain, Palinode, perdy, 
My bag-pipe vaunteth not of victory : 
Then give me leave sonizance** to make 
For chivalry and lovely learning's sake ; 

I'd, id p<Ban ! 

* kneC] i. e. worthless fellow. 

t Uu)d£$t\ i e. most ignorant ; or (if " lewdly" be equivalent 

to fooUshly in Spenser's Shep, Cal. Feb, and F. Qujum, yi. ii. 

31. — Workt by Todd, vol. i. p. 32., vol. vi. p. 378) it may 

mean — most foolish : Palinode afterwards calls Piers, *' Thou 

foolish swain,'' p. 152. 

X tittetK] i. e. agrees. § lin] L e. cease. 

II crowd] i. e. fiddle— instrument. f crank] i. e. brisk. 
sonizance] i. e. sounding. 


AN £CLOGU£. 149 


Thou hardy herdsman, dar*st thou of arms chaunt ? 
Sike* verse, I tell thee, ought have a great vaunt: 
Then how may thy boldness 'scape a fine frump ?t 
War*s laud is matter for the brazen trump. 


Of arms to sing I have nor lust nor skill ; 
Enough is me to blazon my good will, 
To welcome home that long hath lacked been, 
One of the jolliest shepherds of our green ; 

/o, to paan ! 


Tell me, good Piers, I pray thee tell it me. 
What may thilk jolly swain or shepherd be. 
Or whence y-comen, that he thus welcome is, 
That thou art all so blithe to see his bliss ? 


Palinode, thou makest a double demand, 
Which I will answer as I understand ; 
Yet will I not forget, so God me mend. 
To pipe loud peeans as my stanzas end, 

I'd, io pcBun ! 

* Sike] i. e. Such. ->. 

t frump'] i. e. flout. 


Thilk shepherd. Palinode, whom my pipe praiseth, 
Whose glory my reed to the welkin * raiseth, 
He's a great herdgroom, certes, but no swain, 
Save hers that is the flower of Phcebe's plain ; 

/o, to p€Ban ! 

He*8 well allied and lovM of the best, 
Well thew'd,t fair and frank, and famous by his crest, 
His Rain-deer racking X with proud and stately pace 
Giveth to his flock a right beautiful grace ; 

/o, id p(Ban ! 

He waits where our great shepherdess doth wun, § 
He playeth in the shade and thriveth in the sun, 
He shineth on the plains his lusty flock him by. 
As when ApoUo kept|| in Arcady ; 

/o, to p<Ban ! 

Fellow in arms he was in their flowing days 
With that great shepherd good Philisides,ir 
And in sad sable did I see him dight,** 
Moaning the miss ff of Pallas' peerless knight ; 

/o, to ptBan ! 

• welkin] i. e. sky. 

t Well-ihew'd] i. e. well-maimered, well-disciplined, hsTing 
a good deportment : see Jamieaon's £t Diet, of Scot, Lang, in 
y. Thewit, 

X racking] i. e. moving on. § toun] i. e. dwelL 

II kept"] i, e. resided, lived. 

% Philigides] i. e. Sir Philip Sidney, who is frequently cele- 
brated under this name, which he himself invented. 

*• dight] i. e. dressed. 

tt miss] i. e. loss. 


With him he serv'd, and watch'd, and waited &te. 
To keep the grim wolf from Eliza's gate ; 
And for their mistress thoughten these two swains 
They moughten* never take too mickle f pains ; 

Ib^ id ptBon ! 

But, ah for grief! that jolly groom is dead. 
For whom the Muses silver tears have shed ; 
Yet in this lovely swain, source of our glee, 
Mun| all his virtues sweet reviven be; 

I'd, id pttan ! 


So moughten they, Piers, and happily thrive 
To keepen this herdsman after death alive : 
But whence, I pray thee tell me, come is he, 
For whom thy pipe and peeans make such glee ? 


Certes, sir shepherd, comen he is fro far, 
Fro wrath of deepest seas and storm of war, 
Safe is he come — O swell, my pipe, with joy ! — 
To the old buildings of new-reared Troy ; § 

I'd, id pman ! 

Fro sea, fro shore, where he with swink|| and sweat 
Felt foeman's rage and summer's parching heat, 
Safe is he come, laden with honour's spoil : 
O swell, my pipe, with joy, and break the while, 

I'd, to p(£an ! 

* fiu/aghtm] i. e. might. t ntiekWl i. e. great. 

X Mun] Must — may : see Jamieson uin supra in y. Man, 
§ new reared Troy] i. e. Troynovant — London. 
II swink] i. e. toil. 



Thou foolish swain that thus art overjoy'd, 
How soon may here thy courage be accoy*d ! * 
If he be one come new fro western coast 
Small cause hath he, or thou for him, to boast. 

I see no palm, I see no laurel boughs 

Circle his temples, or adorn his brows ; 

I hear no triumphs for this late return. 

But many a herdsman more dispos'd to mourn. 


Pale lookest thou, like spite, proud Palinode ; 
Venture doth loss, and war doth danger bode ; 
But thou art of those harvesters, I see. 
Would at one shock spoil all the filberd-tree ; 

/o, to pcBan ! 

For shame, I say, give virtue honours due ! 
ril please the shepherd but by telling true : 
Palm may*st thou see and bays about his head, 
That all his flock right forwardly hath led ; 

/o, to pcBan ! 

But woe is me, lewdf lad, fame*s full of lies, 
Envy doth aye true honour's deeds despise. 
Yet chivalry will mount with glorious wings. 
Spite all, and nestle near the seat of kings ; 

/o, i'6 pee an ! 

* arcoy'd] i. e. daunted. f lewd] See note, p. 148. 


Base thrall is he that is foul slander *s slave : 
To pleasen all what wight may him behave ? 
Yea, Jove*s great son, though he were now alive, 
Mought find no way thilk labour to atchive ; * 

/o, id pcean ! 


Well plead'st thou, gentle lad, for this great peer : 
Then tell me, sithf but thou and I am here, 
Did not thilkt bag- pipe, man, which thou dost blow, 
A Farewell § on our soldiers erst bestow ? 

How is't then thilk great shepherd of the field. 
To whom our swains sike humble 'beisance yield. 
And thou these lauds and labours seriously. 
Was in that work not mentioned specially ? 


Hark, Palinode, me dare not speak too loud ; 
Hence was he raught,|| wrapt in a fiery cloud, 
With Mars his viceroy IT and a golden drake,** 
So that of him me durst no notice take ; 

/o, w pcean ! 

* atchivel So written for the rhyme, 
t silK] i. e. since. 

X thilk] See note, p. 147. So old ed. four times elsewhere: 
here and in two other places " thick.'* 
$ A FarexDelX] See vol. ii. p. 165. 
II Taught] i. e. reached— carried off. 
f Mars his vicerotf'j i. e. Sir John Norris. 
♦* o golden drake] i. e. a golden dragon — Sir Francis Drake. 


But now return'd, to royalize his fame, 

Whose mighty thoughts at honour's trophies aim. 

Lest worthily I moughten witned* be, 

I welcome him with shepherds* country glee ; 

/o, to pctan ! 

And of his dread adventures here sing I, 
Equivalent with the Punic chivalry 
That brake his lance with terror and renown 
Against the gates of slaughtered Remus' town ; 

I'd, id paan ! 

And was the first of many thousands more 
That at Penichiaf waded to the shore : 
There couthj he lead his landed flock so far, 
Till 'a was left of men approved in war ; 

tby id paan ! 

O honour's fire, that not the brackish sea 
Mought quench, nor foeman's fearful 'larums lay ! 
So high those golden flakes done§ mount and climb 
That they exceed the reach of shepherds' rhyme ; 

/o, id pcean ! 


What boot thy welcomes, foolish-hardy swain ? 
Louder pipes than thine are going on this plain ; 
Fair Eliza's lasses and her great grooms 
Receive this shepherd with unfeign'd welcomes. 

* witned] Or vinten*d — i. e. blamed. 

t Penichid] i. e. Peniche: £ssex commanded the troops 
that landed there : see Southey's British Admirals, &c. vol. iii* 
p. SS16. X couth] See note, p. 147. § done] i. e. do. 


Honour is in bim that doth it bestow ; 

Thy reed is rough, thy seat is all too low, 

To writen sike praise ; had*st thou blithe Homer'squill, 

Thou mought'st have matter equal with thy skill. 


Twit me with boldness, Palin, as thou wilt. 
My good mind be my glory and my guilt ; 
Be my praise less or mickle, all is one, 
His high deserts deserven to be known ; 

Id, id piBan ! 

So cease my pipe the worthies* to record 
Of thilk great shepherd, of thilk fok young lord. 
Leave him with luck to those well-tun^d lays. 
That better kenf to sound sike shepherd's praise ; 

FOf id paan ! 

Now time is near to pen our sheep in fold. 
And evening air is rheumatick and cold. 
For my late songs plead thou, my pure good will ! 
Though new-come once, brave earl, yet welcome still I 

To, to p<san I 

* toorihiit] i.e. worthy acts. t km] k e. know. 


Spmeh€t to Queen EUiabeth at Theobaldi,] The first of these 
speeches was originally printed in The History of EngUdi 
Dramatie Poetry hy Mr. J. P. Collier, who haa prefaced it 
with the following remarks : ** In 1591, Queen KliitahMh paid 
a visit to Lord BurgUey, at Theobalds, where, it seems, she 
was received with much solemnity, although the Lord Trea- 
surer did not himself make his appearance to welcome her. In 
March, 1587, he had lost his mother at a very advanced age, 
and in April, 1589, his wife, to whom he was deeply attached, 
died : in the interval, also, his daughter. Lady Oxford, had ex- 
pired, so that in 1591, depressed by these misfortunes, he had 
resolved to retire from public life, and the visit of the Queen 
was, perhaps, intended to Tevive his spirits, and to recall him 
to her active service. Mr. Nichols, in lus ProgresseSf under this 
date, relates all that was known upon this point, and without 
being able to explain it, inserts from Strjrpe a sort of mock writ 
or summons, directed to Sir Christopher Hatton, the object of 
which was, by a little official playfulness, to withdraw Lord 
Burghley from his seclusion : in that document he is spoken of 
as a Hermit ; and it seems clear, that since the death of his wife, 
two years and some months anterior, he had quitted his noble 
mansion in disgust, and, making only occasional visits to court, 
had resided in some obscure cottage in the neighbourhood of 
Theobalds. A MS. poem, in blank verse, has fallen into my 
hands, which serves to explain the whole proceeding : it is a 
speech supposed to be delivered by a Hermit to the Queen, on 
her first arrival at Theobalds, the purpose of which was to ex- 
cuse the absence of Lord Burghley, by stating that he had taken 
up his abode in the cell belonging to the Hermit, in conse- 
quence of his grief, and had enjoined the Hermit to do the honours 
of the house in his stead. Robert Cecil, knighted just after- 
wards, was the person who pronounced the speech, and he 
referred to it when the Queen again came to Theobalds in 
1594. It was written by a poet no less distinguished than 


George Peele, who was employed by Lord Barghle3r'8 son to aid 
the acbeme ; for the mock writ, before mentioned, which puziled 
Strjpe, and, as he saya, defied commentary, is besought by the 
indiTidnal in the disguise of a Hermit. The whole piece is in 
the poet's handwriting, and his initials, G. P., are subsciibed at 
the end." Vol. i. pp. 1^85-4. 

The second and third speeches, forming part of the entertain- 
ment to her Majesty on the same occasion, are now printed 
fifom a MS. in Peele's handwriting, which has been obligingly 
lent to me by Mr. Collier, who was not possessed of it when 
be gare his excellent Hittory to the public. 




THE hermit's speech. 

Mt sovereigQ Lady, and most gracious Queen, 
Be not displeas'd that one so meanly clad 
Presumes to stand thus boldly m the way 
That leads mto this house accounted yours ; 
But mild, and full of pity as you are. 
Hear and respect my lamentable tale. 

I am a hermit that this ten years' space 
Have led a solitary and retired life. 
Here in my cell, not past a furlong hence. 
Till by my founder, he that built this house. 
Forgetful of his writing and his word. 
Full sore against my will I was remov'd ; 
For he, o'ertaken with excessive grief, 
Betook him to my silly hermitage. 
And there hath liv'd two years and some few months. 
By reason of these most bitter accidents ; 
As, first of all, his ag^d mother's death, 
Who liv'd a fifth and saw her four descents 
Of those that lineally have sprung fix>m her ; 



His daughter's death, a countess of this land, 
Lost in the prime and morning of her youth ; 
And, last of all, his dear and loving wife. 
These brought him to this solitary abode, 
Where now he keeps* and hath enjoinM me 
To govern this his house and family, 
A place unfit for one of my profession ; 
And therefore have I oft desir'd with tears, 
That I might be restored to my cell, 
Because I vow'd a life contemplative ; 
But all in vain ; for though to serve your Majesty, 
He often quits the place and comes to court, 
Yet thither he repairs, and th6re will live. 
Which I perceiving, sought by holy prayers 
To change his mind and ease my troubled cares ; 
Then, having many days with sacred rites 
Prepar'd myself to entertain good thoughts, 
I went up to the lantern of this hall, 
The better to behold God's works above ; 
And suddenly, when my devotion gan 
To pierce the heavens, there f did appear to me 
A lady clad in white, who clos'd my eyes, 
And, casting me into a slumbering trance, 
" I am," said she, " that holy prophetess 
Who sung the birth of Christ ere he appeared ; 
Sibylla is my name ; and I have heard 
The moan thou mak'st for thy unquiet life : 
Take thou this table, X note the verses well ; 

• JlcMpi] i. e. resides, lives. t there] MS. " that." 

X table] u e. tablet. 

QUEEN Ai* Theobald's. 1 63 

Every first golden letter of these lines 

Being put together signify her name, 

That can and will relieve thy misery, 

And therefore {presently go search her out, 

A princely paragon, a maiden Queen, 

For such a one there is and only one :** 

And therewithal she vanished was again. 

After this vision, coming down from thence. 

The brute* was that your Majesty would come ; 

But yet my founder kept his hermitage, 

And gave me warrant to provide for all, 

A task unfitting one so base as I, 

Whom neither sons nor servants would obey ; 

The younger like to scorn my poor advice. 

Because that he hereafter in this place 

Was to become the guardian of this house. 

And so the same to settle in his blood. 

By that young babe, whom I have heard of late 

By your appointment bears my founder's name ; 

Therefore I wish for my good founder's sake. 

That he may live with this his first-born son, 

Long time to serve your sacred Majesty, 

As his gprandfather faithfully hath done. 

Now, since you know my most distressed plight. 

My guardian's carelessness which came by care, 

I humbly crave these verses may be read. 

Whose capital letters make Elizabeth, 

By you, my noble Lord High Admiral ; 

The rather for [that] this great prophetess 

Seem'd unto me as if she had foretold 

• bmtej i. ©. report. 


Your famous victory o'er that Spanish navy. 
Which by themselves was term'd Invincible. 
Seeing in these lines your princely name is writ 
The miracle of time and nature's glory , 
And you are she of whom Sibylla spake, 
Vouchsafe to pity this your headman's plaint. 
And call my founder home unto ha house, 
That he may entertain your Majesty, 
And see these walks, wherein he little joys, 
Delightful for your Highnes» and your train ; 
Wherein likewise his two sons that be present 
Will be both dutiful and diligent, 
And this young Lady Vere, that's held so dear 
Of my best founder, her good grandfather. 
And lastly for myself, most gracious Queen, 
May it please you to restore me to my cell. 
And at your Highness* absolute command. 
My Lord High Chancellor may award a writ 
For peaceable possession of the same ; 
And that [your] Majesty's Lord Chamberlain 
May from your Highness have the like command 
To cause my founder, now the guardian 
Of this [fair] house, increas'd for your delight, 
To take the charge thereof this present night : 
Which being done, Fll to my hermitage. 
And for your Highness pray continually. 
That God may pour upon you all his blessings, 
And that the hour-glass of your happy reign 
May run at full and never be at wane. 
Thus having nought of value or of worth 
Fit to present to such a peerless Queen, 


I ofier to your Highness, here, this bell, 
A bell which hermits call St. Anthony, 
Given me by my noble lord and founder, 
And I'll betake me to this brazen bell. 
Which better me beseems ten thousand fold 
Than imy one of silver or of gold. 

Finisu a R 



Mo^t fortunate and fair Queen, on whose heart 
Wisdom hath laid her crown, and in whose hands 
Justice hath left her balance, vouchsafe to hear a 
country controversy, for that there is as great equity 
in defending of poor men^s onions as of rich men*s 

At Pymms, * some four miles hence, the youngest 
son of this honorable old man, (whom God bless with 
as many years and virtues as there be of him con- 
ceived hopes [and], wishes !) devised a plot for a^arden, 
as me thought and in a place unfit for pleasure, being 
overgrown with thistles and turned \ip with moles, 
and besides so far from the house that, in my country 
capacity, a pound had been meeter than a paradise. 
What his meaning was I durst not enquire, for sunt 
animis celestibus ira, but what my labours were I 
dare boast of. 

The moles destroyed and the plot levelled, I cast 

• Pymms] Qy. *' Mimms" ? 


it into four quarters. In the first I framed a maze, 
not of hyssop and thyme, but that which maketh time 
itself wither with wondering ; all the Virtues^ all the 
Graces, all the Muses winding and wreathing about 
your Majesty, each contending to be chief, aU con- 
tented to be cherished : all this not of potherbs, but 
flowers, and of flowers fairest and sweetest; for in 
so heavenly a maze, which astonished all earthly 
thought's promise, the Virtues were done in roses, 
flowers fit for the twelve virtues, who have in them- 
selves, as we gardeners have observed, above an hun- 
dred ; the Grace[s] of pansies partly-coloured* but 
in one stalk, never asunder, yet diversely beautified; 
the Muses of nine several flowers, being of sundry 
natures, yet all sweet, all sovereign. 

These mingled in a maze, and brought into such 
shapes as poets and painters use to shadow, made 
mine eyes dazzle with the shadow, and all my thoughts 
amazed to behold the bodies. Then was I com- 
manded to place an arbour all of eglantine, in which 
my master's conceit outstripped my cunning : '' Eglan- 
tine," quoth he, ''I most honour, and it hath been 
told me that the deeper it is rooted in the ground, the 
sweeter it smelleth in the flower, making it ever 
so green that the sun of Spain at the hottest cannot 
parch it." 

As he was telling me more, I, intendingf my work 

* pcif^i/-co(aur0cl] i. e. party-coloured : " there budded oat 
the checkerd Paunsie or partly-coknired Harts-ease." — Greene's 
Quip for an Upstart Courtier, Sig. B. ed. 1620. 
t intending^ i. e. attending to. 

QUEEN AT Theobald's. 167 

more than his words, set my spade with all force into 
the earth, and , at the first, hit upon the box. This rat- 
catcher (as children do when any thing is found) cried, 
''half!" which, I denying, [he] claimed all, because 
he killed the moles, and if the moles had not been 
destroyed, there had been no garden ; if no garden, 
no digging ; if no digging, no box found. At length 
this box bred boxes betwixt us ; till weary of those 
black and blue judges, we determined to appeal to 
your Majesty, into whose hands we both commit the 
box and the cause, hoping that this weaselmonger, 
who is no better than a cat in a house, or a ferret in 
a conygat,* shall not dissuade your Majesty from a 
gardener whose art is to make walks pleasant for 
princes to set flowers, cast knots, graft trees, to do 
all things that may bring pleasure and profit; and 
so to give him one girdt for all, as much odds as 
there is between a woodcleaver and a carpenter, so 
great difference in this matter is between the molc- 
catcher and the gardener. 

written about the box. 

I was a giant's daughter of this isle 

Tum'd to a mole by the Queen of Corn ; 

My jewel I did bury by a wile, 

Again never from the earth to be torn. 

Till a yirgin had reigned thirty-three years, 

Which shall be but the fourth part of her years. 

* conygat] i. e. rabbit-burrow. | g^^^] i» ©• ^i*» scoff. 



Good Lady, and the best that ever I saw, or any 
shall, give me leave to tell a plain tale, in which there 
is no device, but desert enough. I went to seek you 
at Greenwich; and there it was told me that the 
Queen was gone from the court ; I wondered that 
the body should start from the shadow. Next was 
I pointed to Hackney; there they said the court 
was gone into the country : I had thought to have 
made hue and cry, thinking that he that stole fire 
from heaven had stolen our heaven from earth. At 
the last I met with a post who told me you were at 
Theobald's ; I was glad for that next your Majesty 
I honour the owner of that house, wishing that his vir- 
tues may double his years and yours treble. 

I cannot discourse of knots and mazes : sure I am 
that the ground was so knotty that the gardener was 
amazed to see it, and as easy had it been, if I had 
not been, to make a shaft of a camock * as a garden 
of that croft. I came not to claim any right for my- 
self, but to give you yours ; for that, had the bicker- 
ing been between us, there should have needed no 
other justice of peace than this,t to have made him 
a mittimus to the first gardener that ever was, Adam. 

* camock] i. e. crooked tree, or knee-timber. 
t this] " his molespade," marginal note in MS. 

QUEEN AT Theobald's. 169 

I went to lawyers to ask counsel, who made law 
like a plaice, a black side and a white ; '' for,** said 
one, *^ it belongeth to the lord of the soil, by the 
custom of the manor," " Nay," said the other, ** it 
is treasure trove." " What's that?" quoth I. " Marry, 
all money or jewels hidden in the earth are* the 
Queen's." Noli me tangere : I let go my hold, and 
desire your Majesty that you will hold yours. 

Now for that this gardener twitteth me with my 
vocation, I could prove it a mystery not mechanical, 
and tell the tale of the giant's daughter which was 
turned to a mole because she would eat fairer bread 
than is made of wheat, wear finer cloth than is made 
of wool, drink neater wine than is made of grapes ; 
why she was bUnd and yet light of hearing; and how 
good clerks told me that moles in fields were hke 
ill subjects in commonwealths, which are always 
turning up the place in which they are bred. But I 
will not trouble your Majesty, but every day pray on 
my knees that all those that be heavers at your state 
may come to a mole's blessing, a knock on the pate 
and a swing on a tree. Now, Madam, for this gar- 
dener, command him to end his garden, and, till his 
melancholy be past, let him walk in the alleys, and 
pick up worms like a lapwing. 

• are] MS. " is." 



Anglorum Ferut, EngUmdet Hollydatfes, cel^mted the 17 th of 
Novemb, latt, 1595, bigmmnge hapjnfhf the 38 yeare of the reagnt 
of our Kveraigne ladie Queene Etisabeth, By George Peele Mr. of 
Arte in OrfordeJ] From a MS. 




Descend, ye sacred daughters of king Jove ! 
Apollo, spread thy sparkling wings to mount, 
And try some lightsome sweet Castalian springs 
That warble to their silver- winding waves, 
Making soft music in their gentle glide ! 
CUo, the sagest of these Sisters Nine, 
Conduct thy learned company to court, 
Eliza's court, Astreea's earthly heaven ; 
There take survey of England's emperess. 
And in her praise tune your heroic songs ! 
Write, write, you chronic}e[r]8 of time and fame 
That keep remembrance' golden register, 
And recommend to time's eternity 
Her honour's height and wonders of her age. 
Wonders of her that reason's reach transcend. 
Such wonders as have* set the world at gaze ! 
Write, write, you chronicle[r]s of time and fame, 
Elizabeth by miracles preserv'd 
From perils imminent and infinite ! 
Clio, proclaim with golden trump and pen 

• have] MS. " huthe." 

176 ANGLORUM F£Rl£, 

Her happy days, England^s high holidays ; 

0*er Europe's bounds take wing and make thy flight, 

Through melting air, from where the rising sun 

Gallops the zodiac in his fiery wain. 

Even to the brink where Thetis in her bower 

Of pumey* and tralucentf pebble-stones 

Receives the weary bridegroom of the sea, 

Beyond Grand Cair by Nilus' slimy bank, 

Over the wild and sandy Afric plains. 

Along the frozen shore of Tanais,t 

Whose icy crust Apollo cannot thaw ; 

Even there and round about this earthly ball 

Proclaim the day of England's happiness. 

The days of peace, the days of quietness, 

And let her gladsome birth-day be the first. 

Her day of birth beginning of our bliss ; 

Set down the day in characters of gold. 

And mark it with a stone as white as milk. 

That cheerful sunny day ! Wear eglantine. 

And wreaths of roses red and white put on 

In honour of that day, you lovely Nymphs, 

And peeans sing and sweet melodious songs ; 

Along the chalky clifis of Albion 

Lead England's lovely shepherds in a dance 

O'er hill and dale, and downs, and daisy-plots ! 

And be that day England's high holiday ; 

* putney] i. e. pumice : Spenser (as Todd remarks in his ed. 
of Johnson's Diet,) repeatedly writes the word pumie. 

t tralueent"] i. e. translucent — a firequent form in old poetry, 
t Tanait] MS. ** Tunais." 



And holidays and high days be they all, 

High holidays, days, minutes, months, and hours, 

That multiply the number of her yean ; 

Years, that for us beget this golden age, 

Wherdn we live in safety under her, 

Wherein she reigns in honour over us ! 

So may she long and ever may she so, 

Untouch'd of traitorous hand or treacherous foe I 

Her birth-day being celebrated thus, 

Clio, record how she hath been preserv'd. 

Even in the gates of death and from her youth. 

To govern England in the ways of truth : 

Record heaven's goodness to this gracious Queen, 

Whose virtue's peer what age hath ever seen ! 

To pass the story of her younger days, 

And stormy tempest happily o'erblown, 

Wherein by mercy and by miracle 

She was rescil'd for England's happiness, 

And comfort of the long-afBicted flock 

That stray 'd like scatter'd sheep scar'd from the fold ; 

To slip remembrance of those carefol days, 

Days full of danger, happy days withal. 

Days of her preservation and defence ; 

Behold the happiest day, the holiday 

That young and old and all done ■ celebrate. 

The day of joy, the day of jollity ! 

The best of all the days that we have seen 

• dime} i. e. do. MS. " don." 


Was wherein she was crown^ England's Queen, 
Elizabeth anointed of the Highest 
To sit upon her kingly father's seat, 
And wear in honour England's diadem^ 
To sway that (oassy sceptre and that sword 
That aw'd the world in his triumphant hand, 
And now in her*s commands the enemy, 
And with dishonour drives the daring foe 
Back to his den, tir'd with success[]]ess arms. 
Wearied with wars by land and wrack by sea. 
Muses and Graces, Gods and Goddesses, 
Adorn, adore, and celebrate this day ! 
The meanest with the mightiest may in this 
Express his love ; for loyalty alike 
Blazons affection's force in lord and lown. 
In honour of this happy day, behold 
How high and low, the young and old in years, 
England, hath put a face of gladness on. 
And court and country carol in her praise. 
And in her honour tune a thousand lays ! 
With just return of this triumphant day. 
And prosperous revolution of the same. 
Auspiciously beginning many years 
And golden days and infinite to come. 
Passing in number and in happiness 
The best that ever earthly prince enjoy'd 
By sufferance of the highest Xing of kings ; 
Behold, in honour of this holiday, 
What paeans loud triumphant London sings. 

England's holidays. 179 

What holy tunes and sacrifice of thanks 

England's metropolis as incense sends ! 

And in the sound of cymbals, trumps, and shalms, * 

In honour of his noble mistress' name, 

To whomf his life he owes and offers up, 

Lo, London's Shepherd, guardian of his^ock, 

Praiseth the Mighty One of Israel, 

And with the strings of his unfeigned heart 

Tunes his true joy for all those days of peace, 

Those quiet days that Englishmen enjoy 

Under our Queen, fair Queen of Brutflt's New Troy ! 

With whom in sympathy and sweet accord 

All loyal subjects join, and hearts and hands 

lift up to Heaven's high throne, and sacrifice 

Of praises and of hearty prayers send ; 

Thanksgiving for oiir blessings and the grace. 

The gracious blessings on that day pour'd down 

On England's head ; that day whereon this Queen 

Inaugur'd was and holily install'd, 

Anointed of the highest King of kings. 

In her hereditary royal right 

Successively to sit enthroniz^. 

And in this general plaudit and applause. 

And celebration of this joyful day, 

Wherein pale Envy, vanquish'd long ago, 

Gave way to Virtue's great deserts in her, 

And wounded with rememlnrance of her name, 

♦ thalm'i MS. " flhallines." t i«*«»] MS. " wh5 h©,** 


Made hence amain to murmur that abroad 

He durst not openly disgorge at home^ 

In his own nest iH'd with so foul a bird. 

And breathe his discontentments oyer sea 

Among those erring fugitiyes that pine 

At England's prosperous peace, and nothing more 

Do thirst than alteration of the state. 

And nothing less than our good Queen affect ; 

A number of unnatural Englishmen, 

That curse the day so happy held of us, 

Whose base revolt from their allegiance due 

To prince and country makes them infamous, 

Condemned among the Turks and Infidels, 

False architects of those foul practices 

That end in their dishonour and their shame, 

Those bloody stratagems, those traitorous trains. 

And cruel siege they lay unto her life. 

Precious in sight of heaven and dear to us, 

Her loving and her loyal subjects all. 

Whom Jacob's God hath many ways preserved, 

Yea, even betwixt the bridge and water's brink. 

Saving her as by miracle in the fall 

From Pharoah's rod and from the sword of Saul : 

Lo, in this triumph that true subjects make. 

Envied of none but enemies of the truth. 

Her enemies, that serves the living Lord, 

And puts in him her confidence and trust. 

Thou sacred Muse of History describe. 

That all may see how well ^he is beloved. 

England's holidays. 181 

Wliat troop of loyal English knights in arms, 
Right richly mounted and appointed all, 
In shining arms accoutred for the war, 
Small number of a number numberless, 
Held justs in honour of her hoHday, 
Ready to do their duties and devoir 
Against the mightiest enemy she hath. 
Under what clime soe'er his colours wave. 
And with keen sword and battle-ax in hand 
To wound his crest, whatever foe he be 
That any way in her dishonour braves ! 

Among this stirring company of knights, 
That at the tilt in fiur habiliments 
Gran shew themselves, renownM Cumberland, 
Knight of the crown, in gilded armour dight. 
Mounted at Queen Elizabeth's approach, 
Inflam'd with honour's fire, and left his hold 
Kept by a dragon, laden with ^ur spoils : 
And there his duty done, and large device 
Made by his page known to her Majesty, 
Whose gracious eye reflecting on this earl 
Was like Prometheus' life-infusing fire. 
Behold, he stands impatient of delay, . 
Awaiting there his friendly foe's approach : 
Daring he stands, true knight and challenger, 
And hardly brooks the time of their address 
That shortly came in duty all devote. 
To solace with their martial exercise 
Their princely mistress, to whose worthiness 


That day's device and dap of all their lives 
Right humbly were and purely dedicate. 

The first that led, in cheerful colours clad. 
In innocent white and fair carnation. 
Was he whose wisdom in his younger years 
And love to arms make * him so far renown*d, 
The noble Earl of Essex and of Ewe. 
His mute approach and action of his mutes 
Said that he was solicited diversely ; 
One way to follow war and war's designs, — 
And well he may, for skill he can foil well 
Of war's adventures, 'larms, and stratagems ; — 
Another way t* apply him to the care 
Of commonweal affairs, and shew the way 
To help to underbear with grave advice 
The weighty beam whereon the state depends : 
Well may he this way or the other take, 
And both shall his nobility become ; 
The gravity and greatness of the one 
Shall beautify the other's worthiness ; 
His senate-robes shall beautify his arms. 
His chivalry nobilitate his name. 

Then Sussex, seated on his champing steed, 
Dreadfol to see, and in sad tawny dight. 
Came in, as if some angry man of war 
Had charg'd his lance and put himself in arms. 
Under an eben tree or blasted yew : 
Such shew'd his plume, or like in my bon&eit 

make] MS. " makes." 

England's holidays. 183 

To ravens' feathers by the moon's reflex , 
Shining where night by day doth take repose. 
Mars in his wrath sitting upon his drum. 
Devising tragedies, strikes no greater fear 
Into the eyes and hearts of earthly men. 
Than did methought this champion in his way ; 
Nor in his doings ever man at arms 
So young of years more forward than this earl : 
So prone, so puissant, and successful still 
In all his courses was this warlike knight. 

Then Bedford and Southampton made up five, 
Five valiant English earls. Southampton ran, 
As Bevis of Southampton, that good knight, 
Had justed in the .honour of the day ; 
And certes Bevis was a mighty man, 
Valiant in arms, gentle and debonair ; 
And such was young Wriothesley, that came 
As if in duty to his sovereign 
And honour's race for all that he had done, 
He would * be of the noblest over-run. 
Like to himself and to his ancestors. 
Ran Bedford, to express his readiness. 
His love to arms, his loyalty to her 
Whose burning eyeballs did retain the heat 
That kindled honour's fire at their hearts ; 
Bravely ran Bedford, and his staves he brake 
Right happily for his high mistress' sake. 

• He would, &c.] Qy. 

*' He would not of the noblest be o'er-run." 1 


Compton of Compton came in shining arms. 
Well mounted and appointed for the field, 
A gallant lord ; richly array'd was he, 
He and his train. Clio, recount his fame ; 
Record with me his lore to learning's lore. 
And valiant doings on this holiday ! 
Short will I be in process of his praise ; 
Courageously he ran, and with the best 
From forth the field bare honour o'er* his crest. 

Carew was well acquainted with the place. 
And to the tilt proudly he made approach ; 
His steed well taught, himself fitted in all. 
Fell to his noble exercise of arms, 
And on his courser gan himself advance, 
Whose neighs and plays were princely to behold : 
Remembrance of this day reviv'd this knight; 
His turn he takes, and at the trumpet's sound 
Breaks at the head with many a lofty bound. 

In bases and caparisons of cost 
Came three redoubted knights and men at arms, 
Old Knowles his offspring, gallant cavaliers ; 
And such they shew'd as were King Arthur's knights 
He whilom us'd to feast at Camelot, 
Or three of great King Priam's valiant sons 
Had left Elysium and the fields of Mars 
To celebrate Eliza's holiday : 
They ran as if three Hectors had made way 

• oV] Qy. " on." ? 

England's holidays. 185 

To meet Acliilles, Ajax, Diomede. 

Palm* had the eldest branching of his crest : 

'Tis hard to say which brother did the best. 

like Venus' son in Mars his armour clad, 
Beset with glorious globes and golden flames, 
Came Dudley in ; nor shall it me become 
To dive into the depth of his device ; 
Rich in his thoughts and valiant in his deeds, 
No whit dishonour *d by his feinting horse. 
That cowardlike would have held his master back 
From honour's goal, — ill-natur*d and ill-taught, 
To fail him foully in so great a presence. 
But as an archer with a bended bow 
The farther from the mark he draws his shaft. 
The farther flies it and with greater force 
Wounds earth and air ; so did it fare in this : 
This lusty runner, thus restrained at first. 
Now all inflam*d, soon having changed his steed, 
And view'd the person of his princely mistress, 
Whose radiant beams havef power to set on fire 
The icy ridge of snowy Rhodope, 
Flies like a bullet from a cannon's mouth. 
His arm^d horse made dreadfiil harmony 
Grating against the rails : so vaUantly 
He justed, that unjust it were in me 
Not to admire young Dudley's chivalry. 

Young Howard, ramping lion-like, came on, 

• Palm] MS. " Palline." t have] MS. " and." 


Anchor of Howard's honourable house. 
His noble father's hope, his mother's joy. 
Loyal and lovely was this fair young knight. 
Gracious in his beginnings at the tilt, 
Pleasing to her to whom he did present 
His person and the service of that day, 
And all the days and minutes of his life : 
Bravely he bare him in his mistress' eye, 
And breaks his staves and let[s] the shivers fly. 

Drury in flames of gold embroidered fair, 
Inflam'd with love of virtue and of arms 
Came to the tilt like Phoebus, 
And like a warrior there demean'd himself; 
Heaven's vault, earth's centre sounded of his force: 
So well he ran as they that do him right, 
For field and court held him a worthy knight. 

Among these runners that in virtue's race 
Contended, rivals of each other's praise, 
Nowell and Needham, gentlemen of name, 
Came mounted and appointed gallantly ; 
Both nobly-minded, and became them well, 
Resolv'd to run in honour of the day. 

Vecu 6^ Amour y the arms of loyalty 
Lodg'd Skydmore in his heart ; and on he came. 
And well and worthily demean'd himself 
In that day's service : short and plain to be. 
Nor lord nor knight more forward than was he. 

Then Ratclifle, Reynolds, Blount, and Carey came, 
In all accoutrements fitting gentlemen ; 

WeH mounted and appointed every man ; 
And gallantly and worthily they ran. 

Long may they run in honour of the day ! 
Long may she Uve to do them honour's right. 
To grace their sports and them as she hath done. 
England's Astrffia, Albion's shining sun 1 
And may she shine in beauty fresh and sheen 
Hundreds of years out thrice-ienown^d Queen 1 
Write, Clio, write ; write and record her story. 
Dear in heaven's eye, her court and country's glory I 




VOL. I. 

The Arraignment of Paris, 
«* P. 10. 

* Of yellow oxlips bright as burnish'd gold.' 

The description of the oxlip in this line shews that the poet 
used it for the crow-foot, or paigle; the buttercup of the 
fields. It is now applied to the larger cowslip." M.* Gentl. 
Mag. for Febr. 1853. 

" P. 26. 

* At Phcebus' hand to gain a golden prize.' 

The Editor conjectures ' Phoebe's/ but surely not correctly ; 
for Juno, who is speaking, could not foresee that the pri2e was 
to be bestowed by Phoebe or Diana. It was an afterthought. 
The peculiar propriety of the word ' Phoebus" in the text is 
certainly not clear ; and we think that the error may be deeper 
than a misprint in the last syllable." M. ibid, 

I still think that ** Phoebe's" is right. Just before the golden 
ball is thrown on the stage, Pallas proposes, 

'* Retire we to Diana's bower, the weather will be foul," 

p. 22, 

* M.] i. e. the Key. John Mitford, — ^who has adorned the 
Magazine now cited with various essays which are not excelled 
by any compositions in the whole rang^ of periodical literature. 


■nd after Diant has assigned the apple to Queen Elixabedi, 
Juno says, 

** The queen of heaven jrields at Phabe't doom" 

p. 64, 

where (let it he particularly noticed) the old ed. has, hy amis- 
print, " Phabut doom." 

Edward the First, 
P. 77. 

^^ Pray him to spur his steed, minutes and hours, 
Until his mother see her princely son." 

I was wrong in retaining the reading of the 4tos. : "and" 
is doubtless an error of the press for " are." 

" P. 81. 

^ At view bf whom the Turks have trembling fled, 
And Saracens, like sheep before the walls. 
Have made their cottages in walled towns. 
But bulwarks had no fence to beat you back.' 

The Editor conjectures ' wolves' for ' walls' in the second line : 
and adds ' The next line seems nonsense !' His conjecture we 
consider indisputable, as < walls* arose from the transcriber's 
eye catching ' walled' in the next line ; but his criticism we do 
not approve. We restore the passage thus to its integrity : 

* At view of whom the Turks have trembling fled. 
Like sheep before the woWes ; and Saracens 
Have made their cottages in walled towns :' 

that is, have, at the approach of an invading army, fled from 
the open country to the defence of a fortified town. This sense 
is illustrated by the succeeding line. Even within the walls 
they were not safe, 

* But bulwarks had no fence to beat you back.' " M. ibid* 


" P. 105. 


* And whom your majesty shall name [to be] our king 
To him we'll yield obedience as a king.' 

The words enclosed in brackets should be dropped from the 
text.*' M. ibid, 

" P. 106. 

* As erst at Ida's hills 
The goddesses divine waited the award 
Of Danae's son.' 

We are rather surprised to find no note of the Editor on this 
place ; for his sagacity in detecting an error is seldom asleep. 
' Danae's son' is nonsense. The right reading is * Dardan's 
son.' Paris was grandson of Dardanus." M, Und. 
Paris was the descendant, not grandson of Dardanus. 

" P. 128. 

* Lluellen. God-a-mercy, Mortimer; and so fare- 

Rice. Farewell and be hang'd, half Sinon*s sapons 

Mr. Dyce is silent, justly confounded by the magnitude of the 
corruption ; but the editor of Dodsley, more confident in his 
powers, has the following note : ' Perhaps Sapon's is misprinted 
for gapient. It may be that Peele means, that Mortimer is one 
half of the brood of Svnan, and the other half of the brood of 
Sapor, a king of Persia.' The passage is very corrupt certainly ; 
but such is not the way to mend it. We are not confident that 
the tohole of our restoration is right, but we try to attain the 
truth by thinking before we write. The word * Sinon' is right 
certainly ; Mortimer is compared to him as a traitor : ' brood' 
is also right. The error lies in the other two words -, and the 
real line we take to be this, 



* Farewell and be hang'd,/aife Sinon's spawn and brood.' 

* False' is inditputably right : it is only a transposition of the 
letters forming ' halT; the A in writing making se, Tom to vol. 
ii. p. 188, 

' And follow fast their foes, that unawares 

Faltt Sinon had betrapped in his snares.' " M. ibid, 

" P. 130. 

^ Or with Leander swim the Hellespont, 

In deserts JEnophrius ever dwell. 

Or build thy bower on ^tna*s fiery tops.* 

In the word ' ^nophrius' is a gross misprint. The Dodsley 
Editor reads ' JEnotnan,* though no one ever heard, or read, or 
dreamed of JEnotrian deserts. Mr. Dyce in a query proposes 

* Hyperborean.' This brings the rhythm of the verse right, and 
is good sense, but is too far removed from the text : the trae 
reading is 

* In deserts Ethiopian ever dwell.' 

We hope this requires no proof; if it should, we refer onr 
readers to the maps of the Ancient World, where they will see 
that half Africa is called ' the Ethiopian deserts.' " M. ibid, 

" P. 133. 

* Why should so fair a star stand in a vale, 
And not be seen to sparkle in the sky ? 

It is enough Jove change his glittering robes 
To see Mnemosyne and the flies J 

Well may the Editor say, " There is some g^ss misprint 
here !" It looks very ludicroui ; but is easily brought to its real 

* It is enough. Jove changes glittering robes. 
And then he flies to see Mnemos3rne.' " M. ibid. 


" P. 190. 

— ' By this eternal sign of my defects, 
Friars, consecrate mine in etfimal grief.' 

The Dodslej Editor reada 'CanceitormineiDternalgriafi' n 
T«ry defectire resloiHtion. R«ul, 

■ FcUrt, conjtctart mine eiUnial grief.' " M. itiiJ. 
I presnme that in Mr. M'l emendatiOTi ihe word " eitemal" 
it a misprint for " internal." The 4tog. resd, 
" By (Ail M*rnal ai^ 

which the Editor of Dodslej altered, and which 1 have give: 

' Longsk. The nearer (.Elinor) so the greatest hope 
of health.' 

We wonder that the Editor did not see that • Elinor' was a 
apurioni introduction. !□ the first place it destroys the metre, 
which is right withont it ; in the second place, Longahanlc 
would not nse the femiliai tenn ■ Elinor' to his Queen, n-hom 
in the speech before he addresses, 

' What cause hsth mor'd your Royal Majesty V 
In fact, the word has merely escaped from the names prefixed 
to the speeohes, and wandered into the text." M. iUd. 

" P. 194. 

' To prove this true, tie greatest men of ail 
Within their learned volumes do record, 
That all extremes (and all) and in nought but 


Here Mr. Dyce reads, 

< That all extremes, and in nought bat extremes ;' 

and adds, ' I believe a line has dropt out here ;' bat that is not 
the case ; the whole corraption and confusion consisting in a 
single letter. Read, 

' That an extremes end in nought bat extremes.' 

M. iind, 

*• P. 196. 

' Ay, but when ladies list to run astray, 
The poor supposed father wears the horn. 
And pleating leave their liege in prince's laps/ 

Here the Editor observes, ' Of the misprints in this line I 
can make nothing, and am obliged to say, with the Editor of 
Dodsley's Old Plays, that it seems wholly impracticable.' We 
trast that we can set it right without difficulty. 

< Ay, but when ladies list to run astray. 

And leave their plighted liege in princes' laps. 

The poor supposed father wears the horn.' " M. ibid. 

The Old Wives Tale. 

" P. 223. 

* When I am spread, for meat for my black cock. 
And meat for my red.' 

This should be 

' When I am spread, meat for my black cock. 
And meat for my red.' " 

M. ibid. 


David and Bethsahe, 

" P. 76. 

' O, help, my David, help thy Bethsabe, 
Whose heart is pierced with thy breathy swords.* 

We suggest whether it should not be, ' breathed words ;' 
but| if the text is suffered to remain, we can only say, that 
' breathy swords/ for the < swords of thy breath/ is more bar- 
baric than any thing which we hare met with in Peele." 

M. ibid. 

Barbaric as the expression maybe, I nevertheless believe that 
it is the genuine reading. 

The Battle of Alcazar. 
" P. 88. 

* Accompanied, as now you may behold. 
With devils coated in the shapes of men. 

The first Dumb-show. — Enter Muly Mahamet 
and his son, Sfc. and then the Presenter speaketh. 

Like those that were by kind of murder mummed, 
Sit down and see what heinous stratagems 
These damned wits contrive.* 

< Old copy mumd. If it be not a misprint, it must mean 

made silent.' Editor's note. 

This passage is rather perplexing. We consider that one 
line has strayed from its place, and that the text was originally 

' Accompanied, as now you may behold. 

With devils coated in the shapes of men, 

Like those that were by kind of murder mumm'd.' 


Then after the domlnihow, 

' Sit down and see what heinous stratagems/ &c. 

We consider mumm*d a misprint for nam*d ; and the meaoiDg 
to be, 

Like devils in the shapes of men, nam'd murderers. 

See the second Dumb-show. < Enter the Moor and two 
Murderert:" M. Und. 

" P. 116 

* Where Venus banquets all her water nymphs 
That with her beauty glancing on the waves 
Disdains the check of fair Proserpina.' 

Ed. ' Check, quaere cheek. This high-flown compliment to 
her Majesty is very far from intelligible.' If there is, which 
we own, a sort of misty verbiage about the passage, we still 
cannot see how the alteration of check to cheek tends to disperse 
it. We conceive the text to be right, and to be explained in the 
following manner : — Proserpine was almost as much celebrated 
for her beauty as Venus herself, and was all but her rival ; but 
in this passage Venus is described as sporting in all the triumph 
of unequalled beauty, and despising all rivalry and all rebuke ; 
but why the check of Proserpine 1 because Venus was the main 
instrument of Proserpine's rape by Pluto, when Diana and 
Pallas resisted. When Proserpine was seized, she exclaimed, 

' O male dilecti flores, despectaque matris 
Consilia; Veneris deprenta serius artes.!* 

And on this account Ceres reproaches her in bitter sarcasm, 

* En audet noti Cytherea pudoris 

Ostentare suos post Lemnia vincula vultus '^' 


' Jam Vetieri, et sociis junct«e raptoribus itis ]* 


Thus ' check' is the understood rebuke,*' 

M. ibid. 

My learned friend has vainly called in Claudian to defend a 
wrong reading. There can be no doubt that Peele wrote 

" Distaim the cheek of fair Proserpina/' 

i. e. so excels as to throw a stain on — In our author's Ed- 
ward I. (vol. i. p. 194) we find 

" Or else those looks [qy. locks ?] that f tain Medusa's far/' &c., 

and various passages of early poets might be cited where the 
word stain is so used. 

" P. 133. 

' Fiends, fairies, hags that fight in beds of steel.' 

The Editor very properly would substitute < furies' for 
' fairies / but how do they fight * in bedi of steel.'? We pro- 
pose to read, 

' Fiends, furies, hags that fight with bats of steel.' " 

M. ibid. 

An emendation which, I imag^e, few will approve, and which 
probably was suggested to the writer by his love of cricket. 

** A Farewell, Sfc. 
P. 170. 

* Bid theatres, and proud tragedians. 

Bid Mahomefs Poo, and mighty Tamburlaine, 

King Charlemagne, Tom Stukeley, and the rest. 


The Editor says, ' Of this strange expression, Mahomet't 
Poo, which is most probably an error of the press, I can make 

The fact is, that two letters have fallen out, probably from the 
word having been written in a contracted form, and the f that 


belonged to the word hai got wrongly attached to * Mahomet/ 
but the tme reading is clear, 

' Bid Mahomet, Scipio, and mighty Tamburlaine.* 

Scipio was a great name among old poets and dramatists ; and 
is seldom absent in the list of heroes. See p. 197 of this rolume, 
where Scipw, Casstus, and the great Pompey, are named to- 
gether." M. ibid, 

A restoration as ingenious as indisputable. 


C Whittingham Printer 21 Toolu Court Chancery Lane London 



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